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Ventilation during air breathing and in response to hypercapnia in 5 and 16 month-old mdx and C57 mice.

Abstract : Previous studies have shown a blunted ventilatory response to hypercapnia in mdx mice older than 7 months. We test the hypothesis that in the mdx mice ventilatory response changes with age, concomitantly with the increased functional impairment of the respiratory muscles. We thus studied the ventilatory response to CO(2) in 5 and 16 month-old mdx and C57BL10 mice (n = 8 for each group). Respiratory rate (RR), tidal volume (VT), and minute ventilation (VE) were measured, using whole-body plethysmography, during air breathing and in response to hypercapnia (3, 5 and 8% CO(2)). The ventilatory protocol was completed by histological analysis of the diaphragm and intercostals muscles. During air breathing, the 16 month-old mdx mice showed higher RR and, during hypercapnia (at 8% CO(2) breathing), significantly lower RR (226 +/- 26 vs. 270 +/- 21 breaths/min) and VE (1.81 +/- 0.35 vs. 3.96 +/- 0.59 ml min(-1) g(-1)) (P < 0.001) in comparison to C57BL10 controls. On the other hand, 5 month-old C57BL10 and mdx mice did not present any difference in their ventilatory response to air breathing and to hypercapnia. In conclusion, this study shows similar ventilation during air breathing and in response to hypercapnia in the 5 month-old mdx and control mice, in spite of significant pathological structural changes in the respiratory muscles of the mdx mice. However in the 16 month-old mdx mice we observed altered ventilation under air and blunted ventilation response to hypercapnia compared to age-matched control mice. Ventilatory response to hypercapnia thus changes with age in mdx mice, in line with the increased histological damage of their respiratory muscles.
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https://www.hal.inserm.fr/inserm-00150629
Contributor : Dominique Mornet <>
Submitted on : Thursday, May 31, 2007 - 10:48:50 AM
Last modification on : Friday, March 27, 2020 - 9:20:05 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Thursday, April 8, 2010 - 6:31:30 PM

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Jérome Gayraud, Stefan Matécki, Karim Hnia, Dominique Mornet, Christian Préfaut, et al.. Ventilation during air breathing and in response to hypercapnia in 5 and 16 month-old mdx and C57 mice.. Journal of Muscle Research & Cell Motility, 2007, 28 (1), pp.29-37. ⟨10.1007/s10974-007-9101-1⟩. ⟨inserm-00150629⟩

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