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Modeling the residual effects and threshold saturation of training: a case study of Olympic swimmers.

Abstract : The aim of this study was to model the residual effects of training on the swimming performance and to compare a model that includes threshold saturation (MM) with the Banister model (BM). Seven Olympic swimmers were studied over a period of 4 +/- 2 years. For 3 training loads (low-intensity w(LIT), high-intensity w(HIT), and strength training w(ST)), 3 residual training effects were determined: short-term (STE) during the taper phase (i.e., 3 weeks before the performance [weeks 0, 1, and 2]), intermediate-term (ITE) during the intensity phase (weeks 3, 4, and 5), and long-term (LTE) during the volume phase (weeks 6, 7, and 8). ITE and LTE were positive for w(HIT) and w(LIT), respectively (p < 0.05). Low-intensity training load during taper was related to performances by a parabolic relationship (p < 0.05). Different quality measures indicated that MM compares favorably with BM. Identifying individual training thresholds may help individualize the distribution of training loads.
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https://www.hal.inserm.fr/inserm-00149779
Contributor : Marta Avalos <>
Submitted on : Monday, May 28, 2007 - 3:13:02 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, November 21, 2019 - 2:09:57 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Friday, November 25, 2016 - 3:24:26 PM

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Philippe Hellard, Marta Avalos, Grégoire Millet, Lucien Lacoste, Frédéric Barale, et al.. Modeling the residual effects and threshold saturation of training: a case study of Olympic swimmers.. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins, 2005, 19 (1), pp.67-75. ⟨10.1519/14853.1⟩. ⟨inserm-00149779⟩

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