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The role of PKCzeta in NMDA-induced retinal ganglion cell death: prevention by aspirin.

Abstract : Intravitreal NMDA injection has been shown to induce the excitotoxic loss of retinal cells. The retinal ganglion cell apoptosis induced by NMDA is thought to play an important role in retinal ischemia injury and NMDA-injected rat has been used as a model of neuronal loss in diseases such as glaucoma. In this experimental model, we studied the early effects of NMDA leading to the degeneration of retinal ganglion cells. PKCzeta regulates the NF-kappaB pathway in cellular responses to various stresses and we have shown that aspirin inhibits purified human PKCzeta. We therefore investigated the molecular mechanism by which retinal cells limit ocular injury following NMDA treatment. We found that the NMDA-induced apoptosis of ganglion cells was mediated, at least partly, by PKCzeta. This enzyme was activated early in the cellular response to NMDA. Prolonged activation was followed by PKCzeta cleavage, and nuclear translocation of the C-terminal region of this protein-a critical event for the survival of retinal cells. We also found that pretreatment with aspirin or the coinjection of NMDA with a specific PKCzeta inhibitor counteracted the effects of NMDA. These findings provide new insight into the role played by PKCzeta in neuronal loss in glaucoma.
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https://www.hal.inserm.fr/inserm-00146748
Contributor : Patricia Crisanti Lassiaz <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, May 15, 2007 - 12:31:21 PM
Last modification on : Friday, March 27, 2020 - 2:45:35 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Friday, November 25, 2016 - 4:30:14 PM

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Patricia Crisanti, Olivier Laplace, Eric Lecain, Laurent Jonet, Jean-Claude Jeanny, et al.. The role of PKCzeta in NMDA-induced retinal ganglion cell death: prevention by aspirin.. Apoptosis, Springer Verlag, 2006, 11 (6), pp.983-91. ⟨10.1007/s10495-006-6750-2⟩. ⟨inserm-00146748⟩

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