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Aspirin prevention of NMDA-induced neuronal death by direct protein kinase Czeta inhibition.

Abstract : Abstract Aspirin has been shown to protect against glutamate neurotoxicity via the nuclear factor kappaB pathway. Some studies have implicated the atypical protein kinase C (PKC) zeta (zeta) isoform in cell protection, but the mechanism involved remains unclear. We show here that aspirin exerts at least some of its effects through PKCzeta, decreasing the NMDA-induced activation, cleavage and nuclear translocation of this molecule. Aspirin (acetylsalicylic acid) directly inhibited the protein kinase activity of PKCzeta, whereas salicylic acid did not. This direct effect of aspirin on purified human PKCzeta is consistent with PKCzeta inhibition preventing the NMDA-induced death of cortical neurones. Caspase-3 inhibition blocked the cleavage and nuclear translocation of PKCzeta, whereas caspase-1-inhibition did not. Thus, PKCzeta (protein kinase Mzeta) regulates nuclear events essential for the initiation of the apoptotic pathway. Aspirin protects cells against NMDA-induced apoptosis by means of a novel mechanism targeting PKCzeta, a key molecule in inflammatory responses and neurodegeneration.
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Contributor : Patricia Crisanti Lassiaz Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Tuesday, May 15, 2007 - 11:58:48 AM
Last modification on : Sunday, June 26, 2022 - 9:52:45 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Friday, November 25, 2016 - 4:37:46 PM


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Patricia Crisanti, A. Leon, D. M. Lim, Boubaker Omri. Aspirin prevention of NMDA-induced neuronal death by direct protein kinase Czeta inhibition.. Journal of Neurochemistry, Wiley, 2005, 93 (6), pp.1587-93. ⟨10.1111/j.1471-4159.2005.03157.x⟩. ⟨inserm-00146734⟩



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