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Protein kinase Czeta (PKCzeta) regulates ocular inflammation and apoptosis in endotoxin-induced uveitis (EIU): signaling molecules involved in EIU resolution by PKCzeta inhibitor and interleukin-13.: Protein kinase C? in endotoxin-induced-uveitis

Abstract : We show that inhibitory effect of interleukin-13 on endotoxin-induced uveitis in the Lewis rat is dependent on signaling activity of protein kinase Czeta (PKCzeta). To understand the effect of interleukin-13 or PKCzeta inhibitor treatment, the activation status of rat bone marrow-derived macrophages was studied in vitro. At 6 hours, lipopolysaccharide-stimulated macrophages produced tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) with nuclear factor kappaB (NF-kappaB)/p65 expression. Treatment led to absence of NF-kappaB/p65 expression and low levels of TNF-alpha, suggesting accelerated inactivation of macrophages. At 24 hours after lipopolysaccharide stimulation, nuclear NF-kappaB/p65 decreased and nuclear NF-kappaB/p50 increased, associated with nuclear BCL-3 and a low level of TNF-alpha, indicating onset of spontaneous resolution. Treatment limited PKCzeta cleavage, with expression of nuclear NF-kappaB/p50 and BCL-3 and low nuclear NF-kappaB/p65 promoting macrophage survival, as evidenced by Bcl-2 expression. At 24 hours, intraocular treatment decreased membranous expression of PKCzeta by ocular cells, reduced vascular leakage with low nitric-oxide synthase-2 expression in vascular endothelial cells, and limited inflammatory cell infiltration with decreased intraocular TNF-alpha, interleukin-6, and nitric-oxide synthase-2 mRNA. Importantly, treatment decreased nuclear NF-kappaB/p65, increased transforming growth factor-beta2, and reduced caspase 3 expression in infiltrating macrophages, implying a change of their phenotype within ocular microenvironment. Treatment accelerated endotoxin-induced uveitis resolution through premature apoptosis of neutrophils related to high expression of toll-like receptor 4 and caspase 3.
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Contributor : Patricia Crisanti Lassiaz <>
Submitted on : Monday, May 14, 2007 - 6:22:16 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, December 13, 2018 - 1:35:15 AM
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Yvonne de Kozak, Boubaker Omri, Justine Smith, Marie-Christine Naud, Brigitte Thillaye-Goldenberg, et al.. Protein kinase Czeta (PKCzeta) regulates ocular inflammation and apoptosis in endotoxin-induced uveitis (EIU): signaling molecules involved in EIU resolution by PKCzeta inhibitor and interleukin-13.: Protein kinase C? in endotoxin-induced-uveitis. American Journal of Pathology, American Society for Investigative Pathology, 2007, 170 (4), pp.1241-57. ⟨10.2353/ajpath.2007.060236⟩. ⟨inserm-00146364⟩

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