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RhoA GTPase inactivation by statins induces osteosarcoma cell apoptosis by inhibiting p42/p44-MAPKs-Bcl-2 signaling independently of BMP-2 and cell differentiation

Abstract : Osteosarcoma is the most common primary bone tumour in young adults. Despite improved prognosis, resistance to chemotherapy remains responsible for failure of osteosarcoma treatment. The identification of signals that promote apoptosis may provide clues to develop new therapeutic strategies for chemoresistant osteosarcoma. Here, we show that lipophilic statins (atorvastatin, simvastatin, cerivastatin) markedly induce caspases-dependent apoptosis in various human osteosarcoma cells, independently of bone morphogenetic protein (BMP)-2 signaling and cell differentiation. Although statins increased BMP-2 expression, the proapoptotic effect of statins was not prevented by the BMP antagonist noggin, and was abolished by mevalonate and geranylgeranylpyrophosphate, suggesting the involvement of defective protein geranylgeranylation. Consistently, lipophilic statins induced membrane RhoA relocalization to the cytosol and inhibited RhoA activity, which resulted in decreased phospho-p42/p44- mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) and Bcl-2 levels. Constitutively active RhoA rescued phospho-p42/p44-MAPKs and Bcl-2 and abolished statin-induced apoptosis. Thus, lipophilic statins induce caspase-dependent osteosarcoma cell apoptosis by a RhoA-p42/p44 MAPKs-Bcl-2-mediated mechanism, independently of BMP-2 signaling and cell differentiation
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https://www.hal.inserm.fr/inserm-00146205
Contributor : Olivia Fromigue <>
Submitted on : Monday, May 14, 2007 - 12:00:10 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, May 26, 2020 - 6:50:23 PM

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Olivia Fromigue, Eric Hay, Dominique Modrowski, Sophie Bouvet, Arnaud Jacquel, et al.. RhoA GTPase inactivation by statins induces osteosarcoma cell apoptosis by inhibiting p42/p44-MAPKs-Bcl-2 signaling independently of BMP-2 and cell differentiation. Cell Death and Differentiation, Nature Publishing Group, 2006, 13 (11), pp.1845-1856. ⟨10.1038/sj.cdd.4401873⟩. ⟨inserm-00146205⟩

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