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Live Staphylococcus aureus and bacterial soluble factors induce different transcriptional responses in human airway cells.

Abstract : To characterize the response of respiratory epithelium to infection by Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus), human airway cells were incubated for 1 to 24 h with a supernatant of a S. aureus culture (bacterial supernatant), then profiled with a pangenomic DNA microarray. Because an upregulation of many genes was noticed around 3 h, three independent approaches were then used to characterize the host response to a 3-h contact either with bacterial supernatant or with live bacteria: 1) a DNA microarray containing 4,200 sequence-verified probes, 2) a semiquantitative RT-PCR with a set of 537 pairs of validated primers, or 3) ELISA assay of IL-8, IL-6, TNFalpha, and PGE(2). Among others, Fos, Jun, and EGR-1 were upregulated by the bacterial supernatant and by live bacteria. Increased expression of bhlhb2 and Mig-6, promoter regions which harbor HIF responding elements, was explained by an increased expression of the HIF-1alpha protein. Activation of the inducible form of cyclooxygenase, COX-2, and of the interleukins IL-1, IL-6, and IL-8, as well as of the NF-kappaB pathway, was observed preferentially in cells in contact with bacterial supernatant. Early infection was characterized by an upregulation of anti-apoptotic genes and a downregulation of pro-apoptotic genes. This correlated with a necrotic, rather than apoptotic cell death. Overall, this first global description of an airway epithelial infection by S. aureus demonstrates a larger global response to bacterial supernatant (in term of altered genes and variation factors) than to exponentially growing live bacteria.
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https://www.hal.inserm.fr/inserm-00145200
Contributor : Philippe Birembaut <>
Submitted on : Wednesday, May 9, 2007 - 10:38:15 AM
Last modification on : Tuesday, May 26, 2020 - 6:50:23 PM

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Chimène Moreilhon, Delphine Gras, Coralie Hologne, Odile Bajolet, Françoise Cottrez, et al.. Live Staphylococcus aureus and bacterial soluble factors induce different transcriptional responses in human airway cells.. Physiological Genomics, American Physiological Society, 2005, 20 (3), pp.244-55. ⟨10.1152/physiolgenomics.00135.2004⟩. ⟨inserm-00145200⟩

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