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Power comparison of different methods to detect genetic effects and gene-environment interactions.

Abstract : ABSTRACT : Identifying gene-environment (G x E) interactions has become a crucial issue in the past decades. Different methods have been proposed to test for G x E interactions in the framework of linkage or association testing. However, their respective performances have rarely been compared. Using Genetic Analysis Workshop 15 simulated data, we compared the power of four methods: one based on affected sib pairs that tests for linkage and interaction (the mean interaction test) and three methods that test for association and/or interaction: a case-control test, a case-only test, and a log-linear approach based on case-parent trios. Results show that for the particular model of interaction between tobacco use and Locus B simulated here, the mean interaction test has poor power to detect either the genetic effect or the interaction. The association studies, i.e., the log-linear-modeling approach and the case-control method, are more powerful to detect the genetic effect (power of 78% and 95%, respectively) and taking into account interaction moderately increases the power (increase of 9% and 3%, respectively). The case-only design exhibits a 95% power to detect G x E interaction but the type I error rate is increased.
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Contributor : Christine Vaillant <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, January 22, 2008 - 11:50:04 AM
Last modification on : Tuesday, January 19, 2021 - 11:08:22 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Wednesday, April 7, 2010 - 1:18:04 AM


  • HAL Id : inserm-00144413, version 1
  • PUBMED : 18466576


Rémi Kazma, Marie-Hélène Dizier, Michel Guilloud-Bataille, Catherine Bonaïti-Pellié, Emmanuelle Génin. Power comparison of different methods to detect genetic effects and gene-environment interactions.. BMC Proceedings, BioMed Central, 2007, 1 Suppl 1 (Suppl 1), pp.S74. ⟨inserm-00144413⟩



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