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Mature dendritic cell generation promoted by lysophosphatidylcholine.

Abstract : During the acute phase response, the interplay between high density lipoproteins and low density lipoproteins (LDL) favors transient generation of oxidized LDL with proinflammatory activities. We hypothesized that oxidative modification of LDL is an endogenous signal for the immune system, and we have shown that oxidized LDL promotes mature dendritic cell transition from monocyte, therefore linking the nonspecific acute phase response to adaptive immunity. Lysophosphatidylcholine (LPC) is a major lipid component of oxidized LDL with reported proinflammatory activities. We now report that LPC acts through G protein-coupled receptors on differentiating monocytes to generate mature dendritic cells with the ability to stimulate IL-2 and IFN-gamma production by allogeneic T lymphocytes. LPC is most effective in lipoprotein-deprived serum and can be inhibited by an excess of native LDLs reflecting normal plasma conditions. Therefore, by controlling the balance between native and oxidized lipoproteins and the resulting production of LPC, the acute phase reactants may provide a context of Ag presentation that is transiently favorable to immune activation. Intralipid, a therapeutic lipid emulsion for parenteral nutrition with unexplained immunomodulatory properties, also blocked LPC activity. This opens perspectives for the understanding and treatment of acute and chronic inflammatory diseases.
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https://www.hal.inserm.fr/inserm-00136347
Contributor : Laure Perrin-Cocon <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, March 13, 2007 - 2:44:39 PM
Last modification on : Friday, January 24, 2020 - 1:48:01 PM
Long-term archiving on: : Tuesday, September 18, 2012 - 11:45:10 AM

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  • HAL Id : inserm-00136347, version 1
  • PUBMED : 12165488

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Frédéric Coutant, Laure Perrin-Cocon, Sophie Agaugué, Thierry Delair, Patrice André, et al.. Mature dendritic cell generation promoted by lysophosphatidylcholine.. Journal of Immunology, Publisher : Baltimore : Williams & Wilkins, c1950-. Latest Publisher : Bethesda, MD : American Association of Immunologists, 2002, 169 (4), pp.1688-95. ⟨inserm-00136347⟩

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