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Heparanase influences expression and shedding of syndecan-1, and its expression by the bone marrow environment is a bad prognostic factor in multiple myeloma.

Abstract : The heparan sulfate (HS) proteoglycan, syndecan-1, plays a major role in multiple myeloma (MM) by concentrating heparin-binding growth factors on the surface of MM cells (MMCs). Using Affymetrix microarrays and real-time reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR), we show that the gene encoding heparanase (HPSE), an enzyme that cleaves HS chains, is expressed by 11 of 19 myeloma cell lines (HMCLs). In HSPE(pos) HMCLs, syndecan-1 gene expression and production of soluble syndecan-1, unlike expression of membrane syndecan-1, were significantly increased. Knockdown of HPSE by siRNA resulted in a decrease of syndecan-1 gene expression and soluble syndecan-1 production without affecting membrane syndecan-1 expression. Thus, HPSE influences expression and shedding of syndecan-1. Contrary to HMCLs, HPSE is expressed in only 4 of 39 primary MMC samples, whereas it is expressed in 36 of 39 bone marrow (BM) microenvironment samples. In the latter, HPSE is expressed at a median level in polymorphonuclear cells and T cells; it is highly expressed in monocytes and osteoclasts. Affymetrix data were validated at the protein level, both on HMCLs and patient samples. We report for the first time that a gene's expression mainly in the BM environment (ie, HSPE) is associated with a shorter event-free survival of patients with newly diagnosed myeloma treated with high-dose chemotherapy and stem cell transplantation. Our study suggests that clinical inhibitors of HPSE could be beneficial for patients with MM.
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Submitted on : Thursday, March 6, 2008 - 11:31:31 AM
Last modification on : Friday, May 15, 2020 - 12:22:03 PM
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Karène Mahtouk, Dirk Hose, Pierre Raynaud, Michael Hundemer, Michel Jourdan, et al.. Heparanase influences expression and shedding of syndecan-1, and its expression by the bone marrow environment is a bad prognostic factor in multiple myeloma.. Blood, American Society of Hematology, 2007, 109 (11), pp.4914-23. ⟨10.1182/blood-2006-08-043232⟩. ⟨inserm-00136105⟩

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