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Contrasting effects of basic fibroblast growth factor and neurotrophin 3 on cell cycle kinetics of mouse cortical stem cells.: bFGF and NT3 cell cycle control in cortigenesis

Abstract : Basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) exerts a mitogenic effect on cortical neuroblasts, whereas neurotrophin 3 (NT3) promotes differentiation in these cells. Here we provide evidence that both the mitogenic effect of bFGF and the differentiation-promoting effect of NT3 are linked with modifications of cell cycle kinetics in mouse cortical precursor cells. We adapted an in vitro assay, which makes it possible to evaluate (1) the speed of progression of the cortical precursors through the cell cycle, (2) the duration of individual phases of the cell cycle, (3) the proportion of proliferative versus differentiative divisions, and (4) the influence on neuroglial differentiation. Contrary to what has been claimed previously, bFGF promotes proliferation via a change in cell cycle kinetics by simultaneously decreasing G1 duration and increasing the proportion of proliferative divisions. In contrast, NT3 lengthens G1 and promotes differentiative divisions. We investigated the molecular foundations of these effects and show that bFGF downregulates p27(kip1) and upregulates cyclin D2 expression. This contrasts with NT3, which upregulates p27(kip1) and downregulates cyclin D2 expression. Neither bFGF nor NT3 influences the proportion of glia or neurons in short to medium term cultures. The data point to links between the length of the G1 phase and the type of division of cortical precursors: differentiative divisions are correlated with long G1 durations, whereas proliferative divisions correlate with short G1 durations. The present results suggest that concerted mechanisms control the progressive increase in the cell cycle duration and proportion of differentiative divisions that is observed as corticogenesis proceeds.
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https://www.hal.inserm.fr/inserm-00132848
Contributor : Colette Dehay <>
Submitted on : Thursday, February 22, 2007 - 5:01:11 PM
Last modification on : Sunday, May 31, 2020 - 6:17:27 PM
Long-term archiving on: : Wednesday, April 7, 2010 - 12:31:50 AM

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  • HAL Id : inserm-00132848, version 1
  • PRODINRA : 251894
  • PUBMED : 12151540

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Agnès Lukaszewicz, Pierre Savatier, Véronique Cortay, Henry Kennedy, Colette Dehay. Contrasting effects of basic fibroblast growth factor and neurotrophin 3 on cell cycle kinetics of mouse cortical stem cells.: bFGF and NT3 cell cycle control in cortigenesis. Journal of Neuroscience, Society for Neuroscience, 2002, 22, pp.6610-22. ⟨inserm-00132848⟩

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