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Selective alteration of gene expression in response to natural and synthetic retinoids.

Abstract : BACKGROUND: Retinoids are very potent inducers of cellular differentiation and apoptosis, and are efficient anti-tumoral agents. Synthetic retinoids are designed to restrict their toxicity and side effects, mostly by increasing their selectivity toward each isotype of retinoic acids receptors (RARalpha,beta, gamma and RXRalpha, beta, gamma). We however previously showed that retinoids displayed very different abilities to activate retinoid-inducible reporter genes, and that these differential properties were correlated to the ability of a given ligand to promote SRC-1 recruitment by DNA-bound RXR:RAR heterodimers. This suggested that gene-selective modulation could be achieved by structurally distinct retinoids. RESULTS: Using the differential display mRNA technique, we identified several genes on the basis of their differential induction by natural or synthetic retinoids in human cervix adenocarcinoma cells. Furthermore, this differential ability to regulate promoter activities was also observed in murine P19 cells for the RARbeta2 and CRABPII gene, showing conclusively that retinoid structure has a dramatic impact on the regulation of endogenous genes. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings therefore show that some degree of selective induction or repression of gene expression may be achieved when using appropriately designed ligands for retinoic acid receptors, extending the concept of selective modulators from estrogen and peroxisome proliferator activated receptors to the class of retinoid receptors.
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https://www.hal.inserm.fr/inserm-00124452
Contributor : Françoise Maylin <>
Submitted on : Monday, January 15, 2007 - 3:00:10 PM
Last modification on : Monday, January 15, 2007 - 3:00:10 PM
Long-term archiving on: : Friday, September 21, 2012 - 10:10:59 AM

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  • HAL Id : inserm-00124452, version 1
  • PUBMED : 12019025

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Céline Brand, Pascaline Ségard, Pascal Plouvier, Pierre Formstecher, Pierre-Marie Danzé, et al.. Selective alteration of gene expression in response to natural and synthetic retinoids.. BMC Pharmacology, BioMed Central, 2002, 2, pp.13. ⟨inserm-00124452⟩

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