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Angiotensin Converting Enzyme and Angiotensin II Type 1 Receptor Polymorphisms in Patients with Coronary Aneurysms.

Abstract : BACKGROUND: Conflicting results have been reported regarding the association of gene polymorphisms in the renin-angiotensin system (RAS) with different aspects of coronary artery disease (CAD), such as myocardial infarction, neointimal hyperplasia or coronary artery vasomotion. Since previous studies have linked angiotensin II to aneurysmal disease, our study hypothesis was that RAS gene polymorphisms may be associated with aneurysm remodeling in response to CAD. METHODS: The study population was selected from a series of 3862 consecutive patients who underwent coronary angiography in our institution. One hundred and thirteen consecutive patients with at least one coronary aneurysm (CA) were compared to 226 randomized control patients without CA. DNA was extracted from white blood cells. The angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) I/D and angiotensin type 1 receptor (AT1-R) A/C polymorphisms were detected using previously published techniques. RESULTS: The distributions of the three ACE genotypes were similar in both groups: CA: 13%, 46%, and 41% for II, ID, and DD respectively; controls: 18%, 41%, and 41% for II, ID, and DD respectively, p = 0.45. The distributions of the three AT1-R genotypes were also similar in both groups: CA: 54%, 41%, and 5% for AA, AC, and CC respectively; controls: 55%, 33%, and 12%, for AA, AC, and CC respectively, p = 0.08. CONCLUSION: Our results provide further information on the role of RAS polymorphisms on specific mechanisms implicated in CAD. Although an activated RAS may theoretically promote aneurysm formation, the 2 RAS polymorphisms analyzed in this study are not associated with this process in coronary arteries.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, December 6, 2006 - 2:47:28 PM
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Nicolas Lamblin, Xavier Hermant, Jean-Marc Lablanche, Nicole Helbecque, Philippe Amouyel, et al.. Angiotensin Converting Enzyme and Angiotensin II Type 1 Receptor Polymorphisms in Patients with Coronary Aneurysms.. Thromb J, 2003, 1 (1), pp.5. ⟨10.1186/1477-9560-1-5⟩. ⟨inserm-00115572⟩

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