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SIV escape mutants in rhesus macaques vaccinated with NEF-derived lipopeptides and challenged with pathogenic SIVmac251.

Abstract : BACKGROUND: Emergence of viral variants that escape CTL control is a major hurdle in HIV vaccination unless such variants affect gene regions that are essential for virus replication. Vaccine-induced multispecific CTL could also be able to control viral variants replication. To explore these possibilities, we extensively characterized CTL responses following vaccination with an epitope-based lipopeptide vaccine and challenge with pathogenic SIVmac251. The viral sequences corresponding to the epitopes present in the vaccine as well as the viral loads were then determined in every macaque following SIV inoculation. RESULTS: In most cases, the emergence of several viral variants or mutants within vaccine CTL epitopes after SIV challenge resulted in increased viral loads except for a single macaque, which showed a single escape viral variant within its 6 vaccine-induced CTL epitopes. CONCLUSION: These findings provide a better understanding of the evolution of CD8+ epitope variations after vaccination-induced CTL expansion and might provide new insight for the development of an effective HIV vaccine.
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https://www.hal.inserm.fr/inserm-00114229
Contributor : Mireille Bos <>
Submitted on : Thursday, November 16, 2006 - 9:51:31 AM
Last modification on : Thursday, April 9, 2020 - 11:53:31 AM

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Pascale Villefroy, Franck Letourneur, Zoe Coutsinos, Lorenzo Mortara, Christian Beyer, et al.. SIV escape mutants in rhesus macaques vaccinated with NEF-derived lipopeptides and challenged with pathogenic SIVmac251.. Virol J, 2006, 3, pp.65. ⟨10.1186/1743-422X-3-65⟩. ⟨inserm-00114229⟩

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