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Low autocrine interferon beta production as a gene therapy approach for AIDS: Infusion of interferon beta-engineered lymphocytes in macaques chronically infected with SIVmac251.

Abstract : BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate gene therapy for AIDS based on the transduction of circulating lymphocytes with a retroviral vector giving low levels of constitutive macaque interferon beta production in macaques chronically infected with a pathogenic isolate of SIVmac251. RESULTS: Two groups of three animals infected for more than one year with a pathogenic primary isolate of SIVmac251 were included in this study. The macaques received three infusions of their own lymphocytes transduced ex vivo with the construct encoding macaque IFN-beta (MaIFN-beta or with a vector carrying a version of the MaIFN-beta gene with a deletion preventing translation of the mRNA. Cellular or plasma viremia increased transiently following injection in most cases, regardless of the retroviral construct used. Transduced cells were detected only transiently after each infusion, among the peripheral blood mononuclear cells of all the animals, with copy numbers of 10 to 1000 per 106 peripheral mononuclear cells. CONCLUSION: Long-term follow-up indicated that the transitory presence of such a small number of cells producing such small amounts of MaIFN-beta did not prevent animals from the progressive decrease in CD4+ cell count typical of infection with simian immunodeficiency virus. These results reveal potential pitfalls for future developments of gene therapy strategies of HIV infection.
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https://www.hal.inserm.fr/inserm-00103335
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Submitted on : Thursday, October 5, 2006 - 9:09:44 AM
Last modification on : Wednesday, October 14, 2020 - 3:48:59 AM
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Wilfried Gay, Evelyne Lauret, Bertrand Boson, Jérome Larghero, Franck Matheux, et al.. Low autocrine interferon beta production as a gene therapy approach for AIDS: Infusion of interferon beta-engineered lymphocytes in macaques chronically infected with SIVmac251.. Retrovirology, BioMed Central, 2004, 1 (1), pp.29. ⟨10.1186/1742-4690-1-29⟩. ⟨inserm-00103335⟩

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