Prevalence of mental disorders in French prisons for men. - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles BMC Psychiatry Year : 2006

Prevalence of mental disorders in French prisons for men.

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BACKGROUND: Psychiatric surveys conducted in prison populations find high prevalence rates, but diagnoses may be difficult in this particular context. None of these surveys have been conducted in France. METHODS: 800 incarcerated male were sampled at random. Each prisoner was interviewed by a group of 2 clinicians, at least one of them being a senior psychiatrist. One of the clinicians used a structured clinical interview which generated DSM IV diagnosis (MINI plus); the second completed the procedure with an open clinical interview. RESULTS: Prevalence rates for a diagnosis given independently by both clinicians and for a consensual diagnosis were respectively: 3.8% (6.2%) for schizophrenia, 17.9% (24%) for major depressive disorder, 12.0% (17.7%) for generalized anxiety and 10.8% (14.6%) for drug dependence. CONCLUSION: Psychiatric diagnosis can be difficult to interpret in prison, especially using traditional standardized interviews. The approach proposed here, with good reliability and closer to a day-to-day clinical practice, yields high prevalence rates.
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Dates and versions

inserm-00097911 , version 1 (22-09-2006)



Bruno Falissard, Jean-Yves Loze, Isabelle Gasquet, Anne Duburc, Christiane de Beaurepaire, et al.. Prevalence of mental disorders in French prisons for men.. BMC Psychiatry, 2006, 6, pp.33. ⟨10.1186/1471-244X-6-33⟩. ⟨inserm-00097911⟩
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