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Prevalence of mental disorders in French prisons for men.

Abstract : BACKGROUND: Psychiatric surveys conducted in prison populations find high prevalence rates, but diagnoses may be difficult in this particular context. None of these surveys have been conducted in France. METHODS: 800 incarcerated male were sampled at random. Each prisoner was interviewed by a group of 2 clinicians, at least one of them being a senior psychiatrist. One of the clinicians used a structured clinical interview which generated DSM IV diagnosis (MINI plus); the second completed the procedure with an open clinical interview. RESULTS: Prevalence rates for a diagnosis given independently by both clinicians and for a consensual diagnosis were respectively: 3.8% (6.2%) for schizophrenia, 17.9% (24%) for major depressive disorder, 12.0% (17.7%) for generalized anxiety and 10.8% (14.6%) for drug dependence. CONCLUSION: Psychiatric diagnosis can be difficult to interpret in prison, especially using traditional standardized interviews. The approach proposed here, with good reliability and closer to a day-to-day clinical practice, yields high prevalence rates.
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https://www.hal.inserm.fr/inserm-00097911
Contributor : Delphine Autard <>
Submitted on : Friday, September 22, 2006 - 4:06:46 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, September 16, 2020 - 4:57:51 PM
Long-term archiving on: : Thursday, September 20, 2012 - 10:50:54 AM

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Bruno Falissard, Jean-Yves Loze, Isabelle Gasquet, Anne Duburc, Christiane de Beaurepaire, et al.. Prevalence of mental disorders in French prisons for men.. BMC Psychiatry, BioMed Central, 2006, 6, pp.33. ⟨10.1186/1471-244X-6-33⟩. ⟨inserm-00097911⟩

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