K. Mendis, B. Sina, P. Marchesini, and R. Carter, The neglected burden of Plasmodium vivax malaria, The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, vol.64, issue.1_suppl, pp.1-2, 2001.
DOI : 10.4269/ajtmh.2001.64.97

S. Hay, C. Guerra, A. Tatem, A. Noor, and R. Snow, The global distribution and population at risk of malaria: past, present, and future, The Lancet Infectious Diseases, vol.4, issue.6, pp.327-336, 2004.
DOI : 10.1016/S1473-3099(04)01043-6

F. Nosten, R. Mcgready, J. Simpson, K. Thwai, S. Balkan et al., Effects of Plasmodium vivax malaria in pregnancy, The Lancet, vol.354, issue.9178, pp.546-549, 1999.
DOI : 10.1016/S0140-6736(98)09247-2

J. Trape, The public health impact of chloroquine resistance in Africa, The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, vol.64, issue.1_suppl, pp.12-17, 2001.
DOI : 10.4269/ajtmh.2001.64.12

K. Rieckmann, D. Davis, and D. Hutton, Plasmodium vivax resistance to chloroquine? Lancet, pp.1183-1184, 1989.

J. Baird, H. Basri, . Purnomo, M. Bangs, B. Subianto et al., Resistance to chloroquine by Plasmodium vivax in Irian Jaya, Indonesia, Am J Trop Med Hyg, vol.44, issue.5, pp.547-552, 1991.

P. Garavelli and E. Corti, Chloroquine resistance in Plasmodium vivax: the first case in Brazil, Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, vol.86, issue.2, p.128, 1992.
DOI : 10.1016/0035-9203(92)90535-K

S. Thaithong, S. Chan, S. Songsomboon, P. Wilairat, N. Seesod et al., Pyrimethamine resistant mutations in Plasmodium falciparum, Molecular and Biochemical Parasitology, vol.52, issue.2, pp.149-157, 1992.
DOI : 10.1016/0166-6851(92)90047-N

M. Phone, K. Myint, O. Myint, L. Thaw, and Z. , Kyin Hla A, Nwe Nwe Y: Emergence of chloroquine-resistant Plasmodium vivax in Myanmar (Burma), Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg, vol.87, issue.6, p.687, 1993.

G. Murphy, H. Basri, . Purnomo, E. Andersen, M. Bangs et al., Vivax malaria resistant to treatment and prophylaxis with chloroquine, The Lancet, vol.341, issue.8837, pp.34196-100, 1993.
DOI : 10.1016/0140-6736(93)92568-E

M. Garg, N. Gopinathan, P. Bodhe, and N. Kshirsagar, Vivax malaria resistant to chloroquine: case reports from Bombay, Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, vol.89, issue.6, pp.656-657, 1995.
DOI : 10.1016/0035-9203(95)90432-8

J. Baird, B. Leksana, S. Masbar, D. Fryauff, M. Sutanihardja et al., Diagnosis of resistance to chloroquine by Plasmodium vivax: timing of recurrence and whole blood chloroquine levels, Am J Trop Med Hyg, issue.6, pp.56621-626, 1997.

S. Pukrittayakamee, A. Chantra, J. Simpson, S. Vanijanonta, R. Clemens et al., Therapeutic Responses to Different Antimalarial Drugs in Vivax Malaria, Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy, vol.44, issue.6, pp.1680-1685, 2000.
DOI : 10.1128/AAC.44.6.1680-1685.2000

C. Golenda, J. Li, and R. Rosenberg, Continuous in vitro propagation of the malaria parasite Plasmodium vivax, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, vol.14, issue.5, pp.946786-6791, 1997.
DOI : 10.1084/jem.169.5.1795

K. Chotivanich, K. Silamut, R. Udomsangpetch, K. Stepniewska, S. Pukrittayakamee et al., Ex-vivo short-term culture and developmental assessment of Plasmodium vivax, Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, vol.95, issue.6, pp.95677-680, 2001.
DOI : 10.1016/S0035-9203(01)90113-0

G. Snounou and H. Beck, The use of PCR-genotyping in the assessment of recrudescence or reinfection after antimalarial treatment. Parasitology today, pp.462-467, 1998.

L. Cui, A. Escalante, M. Imwong, and G. Snounou, The genetic diversity of Plasmodium vivax populations, Trends in Parasitology, vol.19, issue.5, pp.220-226, 2003.
DOI : 10.1016/S1471-4922(03)00085-0

M. Imwong, S. Pukrittakayamee, S. Looareesuwan, J. Poirriez, G. Pasvol et al., Plasmodium vivax: Polymerase Chain Reaction Amplification Artifacts Limit the Suitability of pvgam1 as a Genetic Marker, Experimental Parasitology, vol.99, issue.3, pp.99175-179, 2001.
DOI : 10.1006/expr.2001.4646

M. Bruce, M. Galinski, J. Barnwell, G. Snounou, and K. Day, Polymorphism at the merozoite surface protein-3alpha locus of Plasmodium vivax: global and local diversity, Am J Trop Med Hyg, vol.61, issue.4, pp.518-525, 1999.

G. Snounou, S. Viriyakosol, X. Zhu, W. Jarra, L. Pinheiro et al., High sensitivity of detection of human malaria parasites by the use of nested polymerase chain reaction, Molecular and Biochemical Parasitology, vol.61, issue.2, pp.61315-320, 1993.
DOI : 10.1016/0166-6851(93)90077-B

V. Mann, T. Huang, Q. Cheng, and A. Saul, Sequence variation in the circumsporozoite protein gene of Plasmodium vivax appears to be regionally biased, Molecular and Biochemical Parasitology, vol.68, issue.1, pp.45-52, 1994.
DOI : 10.1016/0166-6851(94)00148-0

P. Rongnoparut, N. Supsamran, J. Sattabongkot, N. Suwanabun, and R. Rosenberg, Phenotype and genotype diversity in the circumsporozoite proteins of Plasmodium vivax in Thailand, Molecular and Biochemical Parasitology, vol.74, issue.2, pp.201-210, 1995.
DOI : 10.1016/0166-6851(95)02504-9

R. Rosenberg, R. Wirtz, D. Lanar, J. Sattabongkot, T. Hall et al., Circumsporozoite protein heterogeneity in the human malaria parasite Plasmodium vivax, Science, vol.245, issue.4921, pp.245973-976, 1989.
DOI : 10.1126/science.2672336

V. Mann, M. Good, and A. Saul, Diversity in the circumsporozoite protein of Plasmodium vivax: Does it matter? Parasitology today, pp.33-36, 1995.

H. Del-portillo, S. Longacre, E. Khouri, and P. David, Primary structure of the merozoite surface antigen 1 of Plasmodium vivax reveals sequences conserved between different Plasmodium species., Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, vol.88, issue.9, pp.4030-4034, 1991.
DOI : 10.1073/pnas.88.9.4030

H. Gibson, J. Tucker, D. Kaslow, A. Krettli, W. Collins et al., Structure and expression of the gene for Pv200, a major blood-stage surface antigen of Plasmodium vivax, Molecular and Biochemical Parasitology, vol.50, issue.2, pp.325-333, 1992.
DOI : 10.1016/0166-6851(92)90230-H

C. Putaporntip, S. Jongwutiwes, N. Sakihama, M. Ferreira, W. Kho et al., Mosaic organization and heterogeneity in frequency of allelic recombination of the Plasmodium vivax merozoite surface protein-1 locus, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, vol.23, issue.3-4
DOI : 10.1007/s002510050595

P. Garnham, R. Bray, L. Bruce-chwatt, C. Draper, R. Killick-kendrick et al., A strain of Plasmodium vivax characterized by prolonged incubation: morphological and biological characteristics, Bull World Health Organ, vol.52, issue.1, pp.21-32, 1975.

M. Imwong, S. Pukrittayakamee, L. Renia, F. Letourneur, J. Charlieu et al., Novel Point Mutations in the Dihydrofolate Reductase Gene of Plasmodium vivax: Evidence for Sequential Selection by Drug Pressure, Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy, vol.47, issue.5, pp.471514-1521, 2003.
DOI : 10.1128/AAC.47.5.1514-1521.2003

L. Gonzalez-ceron, M. Rodriguez, F. Santillan, B. Chavez, J. Nettel et al., Plasmodium vivax: Ookinete Destruction and Oocyst Development Arrest Are Responsible for Anopheles albimanus Resistance to Circumsporozoite Phenotype VK247 Parasites, Experimental Parasitology, vol.98, issue.3, pp.98152-161, 2001.
DOI : 10.1006/expr.2001.4626

R. Paul, I. Hackford, A. Brockman, C. Muller-graf, R. Price et al., Transmission intensity and Plasmodium falciparum diversity on the northwestern border of Thailand, Am J Trop Med Hyg, vol.58, issue.2, pp.195-203, 1998.

L. Cui, C. Mascorro, Q. Fan, K. Rzomp, B. Khuntirat et al., Genetic diversity and multiple infections of Plasmodium vivax malaria in Western Thailand, Am J Trop Med Hyg, issue.5, pp.68613-619, 2003.

M. Mayxay, S. Pukritrayakamee, K. Chotivanich, M. Imwong, S. Looareesuwan et al., Identification of cryptic coinfection with Plasmodium falciparum in patients presenting with vivax malaria, Am J Trop Med Hyg, vol.65, issue.5, pp.588-592, 2001.

N. Siripoon, G. Snounou, P. Yamogkul, K. Na-bangchang, and S. Thaithong, Cryptic Plasmodium falciparum parasites in clinical P. vivax blood samples from Thailand, Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, vol.96, issue.1, pp.70-71, 2002.
DOI : 10.1016/S0035-9203(02)90246-4

M. Mayxay, S. Pukrittayakamee, P. Newton, and N. White, Mixed-species malaria infections in humans, Trends in Parasitology, vol.20, issue.5, pp.233-240, 2004.
DOI : 10.1016/j.pt.2004.03.006