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Alteration of plasmalemmal caveolae mimics endothelial dysfunction observed in atheromatous rabbit aorta.

Abstract : OBJECTIVE: In endothelial cells, nitric oxide (NO) is produced by the endothelial isoform of nitric oxide synthase (eNOS), which is localized in the cholesterol-rich plasmalemmal microdomains involved in signal transduction, known as caveolae. The present study was undertaken to evaluate the effect of hypercholesterolemia and fatty streak formation on the endothelial caveolae and on endothelial function, and attempted to determine to what extent the caveolae were involved in endothelium-derived NO production. METHODS AND RESULTS: We first studied the effect of atheroma on endothelial NO production. Fatty streak infiltrated aorta of cholesterol-fed New Zealand White rabbits demonstrated an impairment of acetylcholine-induced relaxation and nearly normal calcium ionophore A23187-induced maximal relaxation. The abundance of caveolae in the endothelium covering the fatty streak, as well as their 'grape-like' clustering, appeared to be decreased. We therefore investigated the effect, on endothelial NO production, of the cholesterol-binding agents 2-hydroxypropyl-beta-cyclodextrin (hp-beta-CD) and filipin, known to alter caveolae structure and/or function. Treatment with either hp-beta-CD (2%) or filipin (4 microg/ml) did not affect contraction to phenylephrine or relaxant responses to A23187 or to the NO donor sodium nitroprusside. In contrast, both treatments impaired acetylcholine-induced relaxation. Cultured bovine aortic endothelial cells (BAEC) similarly treated with hp-beta-CD demonstrated a 50% decrease of total cellular cholesterol and a decreased abundance of caveolae as well as their 'grape-like' clustering. Cholesterol depletion decreased the bradykinin-induced transient peak of free intracellular calcium and subsequent receptor-stimulated NO production (assessed using reporter cells rich in soluble guanylyl cyclase), whereas that elicited by A23187 remained unaltered. CONCLUSION: Fatty streak deposit is associated with a decrease in caveolae 'transductosomes' abundance which appears to represent a novel mechanism of endothelial dysfunction.
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https://www.hal.inserm.fr/inserm-00090792
Contributor : Marc Poirot <>
Submitted on : Monday, September 4, 2006 - 1:07:10 AM
Last modification on : Monday, March 23, 2020 - 9:06:11 AM

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  • HAL Id : inserm-00090792, version 1
  • PUBMED : 11376632

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Benoît Darblade, Dominique Caillaud, Marc Poirot, Marie-José Fouque, Jean-Claude Thiers, et al.. Alteration of plasmalemmal caveolae mimics endothelial dysfunction observed in atheromatous rabbit aorta.. Cardiovascular Research, Oxford University Press (OUP), 2001, 50, pp.566-76. ⟨inserm-00090792⟩

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