Transforming growth factor beta-1 decreases the yield of the second meiotic division of rat pachytene spermatocytes in vitro. - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles Reprod Biol Endocrinol Year : 2005

Transforming growth factor beta-1 decreases the yield of the second meiotic division of rat pachytene spermatocytes in vitro.

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Abstract

BACKGROUND: TGF beta and its receptors are present in both germ cells and somatic cells of the male gonad. However, knock-out strategies for studying spermatogenesis regulation by TGF beta have been disappointing since TGF beta-or TGF beta receptor-null mice do not survive longer than a few weeks. METHODS: In the present study, we addressed the role of TGF beta-1 on the completion of meiosis by rat pachytene spermatocytes (PS) cocultured with Sertoli cells. Identification and counting of meiotic cells were performed by cytology and cytometry. RESULTS: Under our culture conditions, some PS differentiated into round spermatids (RS). When TGF beta-1 was added to the culture medium, neither the number of PS or of secondary spermatocytes nor the half-life of RS was modified by the factor. By contrast, the number of RS and the amount of TP1 mRNA were lower in TGF beta-1-treated cultures than in control cultures. Very few metaphase I cells were ever observed both in control and TGF beta-1-treated wells. Higher numbers of metaphase II were present and their number was enhanced by TGF beta-1 treatment. A TGF beta-like bioactivity was detected in control culture media, the concentration of which increased with the time of culture. CONCLUSION: These results indicate that TGF beta-1 did not change greatly, if any, the yield of the first meiotic division but likely enhanced a bottleneck at the level of metaphase II. Taken together, our results suggest strongly that TGF beta participates in an auto/paracrine pathway of regulation of the meiotic differentiation of rat spermatocytes.
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inserm-00090460 , version 1 (31-08-2006)

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Attribution - CC BY 4.0

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Anne Damestoy, Marie-Hélène Perrard, Michèle Vigier, Odile Sabido, Philippe Durand. Transforming growth factor beta-1 decreases the yield of the second meiotic division of rat pachytene spermatocytes in vitro.. Reprod Biol Endocrinol, 2005, 3 (22), pp.22. ⟨10.1186/1477-7827-3-22⟩. ⟨inserm-00090460⟩
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