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Lack of association between serological evidence of past Coxiella burnetii infection and incident ischaemic heart disease: nested case-control study.

Abstract : BACKGROUND: Coxiella burnetii causes the common worldwide zoonotic infection, Q fever. It has been previously suggested that patients who had recovered from acute Q fever (whether symptomatic or otherwise) may be at increased risk of ischaemic heart disease. We undertook this study to determine if past infection with Coxiella burnetii, the aetiological agent of Q fever, is a risk factor for the subsequent development of ischaemic heart disease. METHODS: A nested case-control study within the Prospective Epidemiological Study of Myocardial Infarction (PRIME). The PRIME study is a cohort study of 10,593 middle-aged men undertaken in France and Northern Ireland in the 1990s. A total of 335 incident cases of ischaemic heart disease (IHD) were identified and each case was matched to 2 IHD free controls. Q fever seropositivity was determined using a commercial IgG ELISA method. RESULTS: Seroprevalence of Q fever in the controls from Northern Ireland and France were 7.8% and 9.0% respectively. No association was seen between seropositivity and age, smoking, lipid levels, or inflammatory markers. The unadjusted odds ratio (95% CI) for Q fever seropositivity in cases compared to controls was 0.95 (0.59, 1.57). The relationship was substantially unaltered following adjustment for cardiovascular risk factors and potential confounders. CONCLUSION: Serological evidence of past infection with C. burnetii was not found to be associated with an increased risk of IHD.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, August 29, 2006 - 3:13:44 PM
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Conall Mccaughey, Liam Murray, James Mckenna, Peter Coyle, Hugh O'Neill, et al.. Lack of association between serological evidence of past Coxiella burnetii infection and incident ischaemic heart disease: nested case-control study.. BMC Infectious Diseases, BioMed Central, 2005, 5, pp.61. ⟨10.1186/1471-2334-5-61⟩. ⟨inserm-00090261⟩

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