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Psychosocial work environment and mental health: Job-strain and effort-reward imbalance models in a context of major organizational changes.

Abstract : This study explored the association between the two job-stress models, job-strain and effort-reward imbalance, and mental health outcomes in a working population exposed to major organizational changes. The cross-sectional study was based on 680 subjects, 504 men and 176 women. Psychosocial factors at work included: psychological demands, decision latitude, social support, effort, reward, and overcommitment. Mental health outcomes were depressive symptoms (CES-D) and psychiatric disorders (GHQ-12). Job strain, low decision latitude, effort-reward imbalance, and low reward (especially job instability) were found to be associated with depressive symptoms and/or psychiatric disorders among men. Overcommitment at work was a risk factor for both men and women. Social support at work played a role to reduce depressive symptoms for women. These findings emphasize the deleterious effects of psychosocial work environment on mental health during major organizational changes.
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https://www.hal.inserm.fr/inserm-00086715
Contributor : Nadine Kaniewski <>
Submitted on : Wednesday, July 19, 2006 - 2:53:32 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, October 14, 2020 - 3:41:31 AM

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  • HAL Id : inserm-00086715, version 1
  • PUBMED : 16722190

Citation

Isabelle Niedhammer, Jean-François Chastang, Simone David, Lina Barouhiel, Guy Barrandon. Psychosocial work environment and mental health: Job-strain and effort-reward imbalance models in a context of major organizational changes.. International journal of occupational and environmental health : official journal of the International Commission on Occupational Health, 2006, 12, pp.111-9. ⟨inserm-00086715⟩

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