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Tissue origin and extracellular matrix control neutral proteinase activity in human fibroblast three-dimensional cultures.

Abstract : Remodeling of the extracellular matrix by fibroblasts is an important step in the process of wound healing and tissue repair. We compared the behavior of fibroblasts from two different tissues, dermis and gingiva, in three-dimensional lattices made of two different extracellular matrix macromolecules, collagen and fibrin. Cells were grown in monolayer cultures from normal skin or gingiva and seeded in three-dimensional lattices made of either collagen of fibrin. Photonic and scanning electron microscopy did not reveal any morphological differences between the two types of fibroblasts in both sets of lattices. Both types of fibroblasts retracted collagen lattices similarly and caused only a slight degradation of the collagen substratum. By contrast, when seeded in fibrin lattices, gingival fibroblasts completely digested their substratum in less than 8 days, whereas only a slight fibrin degradation was observed with dermal fibroblasts. The ability of gingival but not dermal fibroblasts to express high levels of tissue plasminogen activators (tPA) when cultured in fibrin lattices was assessed on an immunological basis. Also, deprivation of plasminogen-contaminating fibrinogen preparations or use of tPA inhibitors markedly inhibited both fibrinolysis and retraction rates of fibrin lattices by gingival fibroblasts. Casein-zymography confirmed the intense proteolytic activity induced by fibrin in gingival fibroblasts. It was inhibited by aprotinin and phenyl methylsulfonyl fluoride (PMSF), two non-specific inhibitors of serine proteinases, and by epsilon-amino-caproic acid (epsilon ACA), an inhibitor of plasminogen activators. Monolayer cultures exhibited only trace amounts of caseinolytic activity. Our results demonstrate that the expression of proteinases by fibroblasts is dependent not only on their tissue origin but also on the surrounding extracellular matrix. The intense fibrinolytic activity of gingival fibroblasts in fibrin lattices may explain partially the high rate of healing clinically observed in gingiva.
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Contributor : Dominique Laurent-Maquin <>
Submitted on : Monday, May 22, 2006 - 3:07:30 PM
Last modification on : Friday, July 26, 2019 - 12:38:09 PM

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Sandrine Lorimier, Philippe Gillery, William Hornebeck, François Chastang, Dominique Laurent-Maquin, et al.. Tissue origin and extracellular matrix control neutral proteinase activity in human fibroblast three-dimensional cultures.. Journal of Cellular Physiology, Wiley, 1996, 168, pp.188-98. ⟨10.1002/(SICI)1097-4652(199607)168:1<188::AID-JCP23>3.0.CO;2-2⟩. ⟨inserm-00070927⟩



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