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The rate of fibrinolysis is increased by free retraction of human gingival fibroblast populated fibrin lattices.

Abstract : We previously demonstrated that human gingival fibroblasts (HGF), but not their dermal counterparts, when seeded in retracting fibrin lattices induced intense fibrinolysis that was observed at the earliest stages of contraction and led to complete matrix degradation by day 7 of culture. Our aim was to examine the influence of mechanical forces in such fibrinolytic processes. HGF were seeded in retracting (R) e.g. free floating or non retracting (NR) e.g. anchored fibrin lattices (FL). Cultures were analysed from day 1-12 by phase contrast microscopy and scanning electron microscopy (s.e.m.). Levels of fibrin degradation products (FDP) and tissue plasminogen activator (tPA) accumulating in culture media were quantified by ELISA. Urokinase (uPA) and gelatinase A (MMP2) were identified by zymographic techniques. At the s.e.m. level, vacuolization around some HGF was noticed at the earliest stages of culture for RFL and complete degradation of lattices occurred at day 7. Formation of lysed matrix cavity was far less intense in NRFL even after 12 days of culture. FDP amounts at day 4 of culture were equal to 79 +/- 14 and 8.5 +/- 0.6 micrograms/10(5) cells for RFL and NRFL, respectively; tPA levels were equal to 5.8 +/- 0.6 (RFL) and 2.1 +/- 0.3 ng/10(5) cells (NRFL) and differences were still evident at day 7. The kinetics of tPA production were identical in either retracting fibrin or collagen lattices. On the contrary, uPA and proMMP2 productions were similar in RFL and NRFL. Isometric forces, but not the matrix support, were responsible for accelerated tPA production and fibrinolysis in HGF populated lattices.
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Contributor : Dominique Laurent-Maquin Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Friday, May 19, 2006 - 4:28:46 PM
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Sandrine Lorimier, Sylvie Bouthors, Chantal Drouille, Dominique Laurent-Maquin, François-Xavier Maquart, et al.. The rate of fibrinolysis is increased by free retraction of human gingival fibroblast populated fibrin lattices.. International Journal of Biochemistry and Cell Biology, Elsevier, 1997, 29, pp.181-9. ⟨10.1016/S1357-2725(96)00130-6⟩. ⟨inserm-00069836⟩



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