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DNA image cytometry and Ag-NORs-staining application in biocompatibility studies on human osteoblast cells in vitro.

Abstract : We report here the study of the biocompatibility of a bone graft material, the Pyrost, using a previously established in vitro model of human osteoblasts. The effect of this material on cell proliferation was evaluated by the MTS assay. Results indicated the absolute absence of cytotoxic or cytostatic effect of Pyrost on cultured osteoblasts. Viability rate was more than 90% in cells cultured with the material compared to the control. Morphological analysis, undertaken by scanning electron microscopy showed a good adhesion and a spreading of osteoblasts in contact with the material that was colonized by cultured cells. In the second part of this work, we have introduced two methods as complementary biocompatibility tests: DNA image cytometry and interphase Ag-NORs quantification. DNA content was measured in cells cultured with or without Pyrost for 3, 9, 15 and 30 days. The determination of DNA indicated that the majority of osteoblasts population was diploid without aneuploidy. The DNA index and cell distribution profile in DNA histograms were similar in all cell populations. The Ag-NORs amount was used as a parameter for cell kinetic evaluation. We have measured the Ag-NORs index like DNA quantification. The proliferation rate, evaluated by Ag-NORs counts in osteoblasts cultured with or without the material, was identical. However, a decrease in Ag-NORs index was observed from day 3 to day 15 of incubation. These results showed a satisfactory biocompatibility of the Pyrost in human osteoblasts culture. The material did not alter cell viability and had no inducing effect either on proliferation rate or on cell ploidy as demonstrated by DNA image cytometry and Ag-NORs proteins staining.
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https://www.hal.inserm.fr/inserm-00069387
Contributor : Dominique Laurent-Maquin <>
Submitted on : Wednesday, May 17, 2006 - 3:31:32 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, January 11, 2018 - 6:20:30 AM

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  • HAL Id : inserm-00069387, version 1
  • PUBMED : 9856590

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Yannick Josset, Zohra Oum'Hamed, Arach Zarrinpour, Marianne Lorenzato, Jean-Jacques Adnet, et al.. DNA image cytometry and Ag-NORs-staining application in biocompatibility studies on human osteoblast cells in vitro.. Biomaterials, Elsevier, 1998, 19, pp.1791-8. ⟨inserm-00069387⟩

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