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Scaffolding Protein GspB/OutB Facilitates Assembly of the Dickeya dadantii Type 2 Secretion System by Anchoring the Outer Membrane Secretin Pore to the Inner Membrane and to the Peptidoglycan Cell Wall

Abstract : The phytopathogenic proteobacterium Dickeya dadantii secretes an array of plant cell wall-degrading enzymes and other virulence factors via the type 2 secretion system (T2SS). T2SSs are widespread among important plant, animal, and human bacterial pathogens. This multiprotein complex spans the double membrane cell envelope and secretes fully folded proteins through a large outer membrane pore formed by 15 subunits of the secretin GspD. Secretins are also found in the type 3 secretion system and the type 4 pili. Usually, specialized lipoproteins termed pilotins assist the targeting and assembly of secretins into the outer membrane. Here, we show that in D. dadantii, the pilotin acts in concert with the scaffolding protein GspB. Deletion of gspB profoundly impacts secretin assembly, pectinase secretion, and virulence. Structural studies reveal that GspB possesses a conserved periplasmic homology region domain that interacts directly with the N-terminal secretin domain. Site-specific photo-cross-linking unravels molecular details of the GspB-GspD complex in vivo. We show that GspB facilitates outer membrane targeting and assembly of the secretin pores and anchors them to the inner membrane while the C-terminal extension of GspB provides a scaffold for the secretin channel in the peptidoglycan cell wall. Phylogenetic analysis shows that in other bacteria, GspB homologs vary in length and domain composition and act in concert with either a cognate ATPase GspA or the pilotin GspS.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03748109
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Submitted on : Wednesday, August 10, 2022 - 8:17:04 AM
Last modification on : Friday, September 30, 2022 - 11:48:15 AM

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Shiheng Zhang, Shuang Gu, Piers Rycroft, F Ruaudel, Frederic Delolme, et al.. Scaffolding Protein GspB/OutB Facilitates Assembly of the Dickeya dadantii Type 2 Secretion System by Anchoring the Outer Membrane Secretin Pore to the Inner Membrane and to the Peptidoglycan Cell Wall. mBio, American Society for Microbiology, 2022, 13 (3), pp.e0025322. ⟨10.1128/mbio.00253-22⟩. ⟨hal-03748109⟩

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