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Spatiotemporal variation of the association between sea surface temperature and chlorophyll in global ocean during 2002–2019 based on a novel WCA-BME approach

Abstract : Sea surface temperature (SST) can influence the phytoplankton biomass, measured as sea surface chlorophyll concentration (SSCC), by affecting the physical and chemical properties of the seawater, living environment, and the consumption of zooplankton in a complex way. Yet, the quantitative assessment of the spatiotemporal variation of the inherent synchronous association between SSCC and SST at large spatial and temporal scales is still lacking. Accordingly, in the present study a synthetic approach was proposed that combines wavelet coherency analysis (WCA) with Bayesian maximum entropy (BME) modeling and hotspot analysis in order to evaluate the association between SSCC and SST globally during the period July 2002-February 2019. The WCA-based statistical results showed that SSCC has strong association with SST; particularly strong synchronous variations between SSCC and SST were found at the 1-year and the 5-year periods. During the 1-year period, cluster characteristics were explored in the BME-generated space–time maps of the association strength as well as in the corresponding hotspot maps. Geographically, high association strengths between SSCC and SST were detected in the mid-latitude regions of the Pacific Ocean, in the south and north of the tropical regions of the Atlantic Ocean, and in the southern part of the Indian Ocean. Temporally, most of the sub-regions exhibited a stable level of association strength during the entire study period (only a few sub-regions exhibited fluctuations or a slightly decreasing association strength trend). In conclusion, by assimilating the available knowledge bases at each grid point the proposed synthetic approach assessed quantitatively the strength of the periodic association between SSCC and SST globally; and the approach could be employed to map the space–time variation of the association strength between related natural attributes in the space–time-frequency domain.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, November 30, 2021 - 2:08:00 PM
Last modification on : Monday, January 10, 2022 - 4:38:03 PM

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Junyu He, George Christakos, Bernard Cazelles, Jiaping Wu, Jianxing Leng. Spatiotemporal variation of the association between sea surface temperature and chlorophyll in global ocean during 2002–2019 based on a novel WCA-BME approach. International Journal of Applied Earth Observation and Geoinformation, Elsevier, 2021, 105, pp.102620. ⟨10.1016/j.jag.2021.102620⟩. ⟨hal-03457206⟩

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Les métriques sont temporairement indisponibles