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E. coli Nissle 1917 is a safe mucosal delivery vector for a birch-grass pollen chimera to prevent allergic poly-sensitization

Abstract : Allergic poly-sensitization affects a large number of allergic patients and poses a great challenge for their treatment. In this study we evaluated the effects of the probiotic Escherichia coli Nissle 1917 (EcN) expressing a birch and grass pollen allergen chimera ‘Bet v 1, Phl p 1 and Phl p 5’ (EcN-Chim) on allergy prevention after oral or intranasal application in poly-sensitized mice. In contrast to oral application, intranasal pretreatment with EcN-Chim prior to poly-sensitization led to a significant reduction of lung inflammation (eosinophils, IL-5, and IL-13 in bronchoalveolar lavage) along with suppressed levels of allergen-specific serum IgE. The suppression was associated with increased levels of allergen-specific IgA in lungs and serum IgG2a along with increased Foxp3, TGF-β, and IL-10 mRNA in bronchial lymph nodes. In vitro EcN induced high levels of IL-10 and IL-6 in both lung and intestinal epithelial cells. Importantly, using in vivo imaging techniques we demonstrated that intranasally applied EcN do not permanently colonize nose, lung, and gut and this strain might therefore be a safe delivery vector against allergy in humans. In conclusion, our data show that intranasal application of recombinant EcN expressing a multiallergen chimera presents a novel and promising treatment strategy for prevention of allergic poly-sensitization.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03300663
Contributor : Catherine Daniel <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, July 27, 2021 - 3:18:07 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, July 28, 2021 - 2:54:59 PM

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P. Sarate, S. Heinl, S. Poiret, M. Drinić, C. Zwicker, et al.. E. coli Nissle 1917 is a safe mucosal delivery vector for a birch-grass pollen chimera to prevent allergic poly-sensitization. Mucosal Immunology, Nature Pub. Group, 2018, 12 (1), pp.132-144. ⟨10.1038/s41385-018-0084-6⟩. ⟨hal-03300663⟩

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