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A simple model of cardiac mitochondrial respiration with experimental validation

Abstract : Cardiac mitochondria are intracellular organelles that play an important role in energy metabolism and cellular calcium regulation. In particular, they influence the excitation-contraction cycle of the heart cell. A large number of mathematical models have been proposed to better understand the mitochondrial dynamics, but they generally show a high level of complexity, and their parameters are very hard to fit to experimental data. We derived a model based on historical free energy-transduction principles, and results from the literature. We proposed simple expressions that allow to reduce the number of parameters to a minimum with respect to the mitochondrial behavior of interest for us. The resulting model has thirty-two parameters, which are reduced to twenty-three after a global sensitivity analysis of its expressions based on Sobol indices. We calibrated our model to experimental data that consists of measurements of mitochondrial respiration rates controlled by external ADP additions. A sensitivity analysis of the respiration rates showed that only seven parameters can be identified using these observations. We calibrated them using a genetic algorithm, with five experimental data sets. At last, we used the calibration results to verify the ability of the model to accurately predict the values of a sixth dataset. Results show that our model is able to reproduce both respiration rates of mitochondria and transitions between those states, with very low variability of the parameters between each experiment. The same methodology may apply to recover all the parameters of the model, if corresponding experimental data were available.
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https://hal.inria.fr/hal-03272432
Contributor : Michael LEGUEBE Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Thursday, May 19, 2022 - 4:43:38 PM
Last modification on : Friday, May 20, 2022 - 3:41:11 AM

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Bachar Tarraf, Emmanuel Suraniti, Camille Colin, Stéphane Arbault, Philippe Diolez, et al.. A simple model of cardiac mitochondrial respiration with experimental validation. Mathematical Biosciences and Engineering, AIMS Press, 2021, 18 (5), pp.5758-5789. ⟨10.3934/mbe.2021291⟩. ⟨hal-03272432⟩

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