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Immaturity of Visual Fixations in Dyslexic Children

Abstract : To our knowledge, behavioral studies recording visual fixations abilities in dyslexic children are scarce. The object of this article is to explore further the visual fixation ability in dyslexics compared to chronological age-matched and reading age-matched non-dyslexic children. Fifty-five dyslexic children from 7 to 14 years old, 55 chronological age-matched non-dyslexic children and 55 reading age-matched non-dyslexic children participated to this study. Eye movements from both eyes were recorded horizontally and vertically by a video-oculography system (EyeBrain T2). The fixation task consisted in fixating a white-filled circle appearing in the center of the screen for 30 s. Results showed that dyslexic children produced a significantly higher number of unwanted saccades than both groups of non-dyslexic children. Moreover, the number of unwanted saccades significantly decreased with age in both groups of non-dyslexic children, but not in dyslexics. Furthermore, dyslexics made more saccades during the last 15 s of fixation period with respect to both groups of non-dyslexic children. Such poor visual fixation capability in dyslexic children could be due to impaired attention abilities, as well as to an immaturity of the cortical areas controlling the fixation system.
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Aimé Tiadi, Christophe-Loïc Gérard, Hugo Peyre, Emmanuel Bui-Quoc, Maria Pia Bucci. Immaturity of Visual Fixations in Dyslexic Children. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, Frontiers, 2016, 10, pp.58. ⟨10.3389/fnhum.2016.00058⟩. ⟨hal-03150125⟩

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