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Contribution of transcranial magnetic stimulation in assessing parietofrontal connectivity during gesture production in healthy individuals and brain-injured patients

Abstract : Parietofrontal (PF) networks link the posterior parietal cortex to premotor and prefrontal areas, and are involved in the control of many motor and cognitive behaviors in healthy humans. In recent years, electrophysiological experiments have provided a better understanding of the functional specificity and temporal involvement of the PF networks’ different components during the planning of visually guided upper limb movements. In particular, transcranial magnetic stimulation has been used to temporarily inactivate a cortical area (virtual lesions) or to assess connectivity using paired-pulse protocols)). This approach has shed new light on the neural mechanisms that underlie the planning stages of the reaching and grasping phases of transitive movements. Reaching and grasping were often presented as two distinct processes; in fact, the respective involvement of dorsolateral and dorsomedial networks may depend on the movement's complexity and the need for precise coordination between the two phases. The dorsolateral parietofrontal network (linking the anterior part of the intraparietal sulcus to the ventral premotor cortex) is involved in the grasping phase (i.e. hand shape and grip force scaling), whereas the dorsomedial part (from the posterior part of the intraparietal sulcus and the superior parieto-occipital cortex to the dorsal premotor cortex) appears to be involved not only in the reaching phase but also in more complex visually guided grasping movements. Changes in parietofrontal connectivity following brain injury might explain the impairments in visually guided upper limb movements observed in patients (such as optic ataxia and the motor component of spatial neglect). Lastly, parietofrontal changes may reflect neuronal plasticity in motor function recovery.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03107538
Contributor : Herve Devanne <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, January 12, 2021 - 4:24:53 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, January 13, 2021 - 2:59:52 PM

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Etienne Allart, H. Devanne, Arnaud Delval. Contribution of transcranial magnetic stimulation in assessing parietofrontal connectivity during gesture production in healthy individuals and brain-injured patients. Neurophysiologie Clinique/Clinical Neurophysiology, Elsevier Masson, 2019, 49 (2), pp.115-123. ⟨10.1016/j.neucli.2018.12.005⟩. ⟨hal-03107538⟩

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