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Osteitis in Systemic Sclerosis: a nationwide case-control retrospective study (SCLEROS Study)

Abstract : OBJECTIVE: Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is an autoimmune (AI) connective tissue disorder characterized by skin fibrosis, vasculopathy and dysimmunity. Data regarding osteitis in SSc are scarce. METHOD: We performed a nationwide multicentre retrospective case-control study including patients with SSc according to the 2013 ACR/EULAR classification, with a diagnosis of osteitis. The objectives of the study were to describe, to characterize, and to identify associated factors for osteitis in patients with SSc. RESULTS: Forty-eight patients were included. Twenty-six patients (54.1%) had osteitis beneath digital tip ulcers. Physical symptoms included: pain (36/48, 75%), erythema (35/48, 73%), and local warmth (35/48, 73%). Thirty-one (65%) patients had C-reactive protein levels >2 mg/L (8 [2.7 - 44.3] mg/L). On X-ray, CT-scans or MRI, osteitis was characterized by swelling or abscess of soft tissues with acro-osteolysis or lysis in 28 patients (58%). Microbiological sampling was performed in 45 (94%) patients. Most pathogens were Staphylococcus aureus (43.8%); anaerobes and Enterobacteriaceae (29.1%) and Pseudomonas aeruginosa (10.4%). Management comprised antibiotics in 37 (77.1%) patients and/or surgery in 26 (54.2%). Fluoroquinolones were used in 22 (45.8%) patients and amoxicillin + beta-lactamase inhibitor in 7 (14.6%). Six (12.6%) patients relapsed, 6 (12.6%) patients had osteitis recurrence, 15 (32%) sequelae, and 2 patients had septic shock and died. CONCLUSION: This study confirmed digital tip ulcers as an associated factor for osteitis, and revealed a high rate of functional sequelae. Antimicrobial therapy with oral fluoroquinolone or intravenous amoxicillin and beta-lactamase inhibitor are used as first-line antibiotherapy in SSc patients with osteitis.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03095565
Contributor : Xavier Chard-Hutchinson <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, January 12, 2021 - 2:14:26 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, January 14, 2021 - 11:30:02 AM

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Cyril Cossé, Solen Kernéis, Alain Lescoat, Grégory Pugnet, M.-E. Truchetet, et al.. Osteitis in Systemic Sclerosis: a nationwide case-control retrospective study (SCLEROS Study). Arthritis Care and Research, 2020, ⟨10.1002/acr.24530⟩. ⟨hal-03095565⟩

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