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Oxytocin Controls Chondrogenesis and Correlates with Osteoarthritis

Abstract : This study investigated the relationship of oxytocin (OT) to chondrogenesis and osteoarthritis (OA). Human bone marrow and multipotent adipose-derived stem cells were cultured in vitro in the absence or presence of OT and assayed for mRNA transcript expression along with histological and immunohistochemical analyses. To study the effects of OT in OA in vivo, a rat model and a human cohort of 63 men and 19 women with hand OA and healthy controls, respectively, were used. The baseline circulating OT, interleukin-6, leptin, and oestradiol levels were measured, and hand X-ray examinations were performed for each subject. OT induced increased aggrecan, collagen (Col) X, and cartilageoligomericmatrix protein mRNA transcript levels in vitro, and the immunolabelling experiments revealed a normalization of Sox9 and Col II protein expression levels. No histological differences in lesion severity were observed between rat OA groups. In the clinical study, a multivariate analysis adjusted for age, body mass index, and leptin levels revealed a significant association between OA and lower levels of OT (odds ratio = 0.77; p = 0.012). Serum OT levels are reduced in patients with hand OA, and OT showed a stimulatory effect on chondrogenesis. Thus, OT may contribute to the pathophysiology of OA.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-02890703
Contributor : Caroline Ruiz <>
Submitted on : Thursday, November 26, 2020 - 12:30:28 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, January 7, 2021 - 12:50:02 PM

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Christian Roux, Didier Pisani, Pierre Gillet, Eric Fontas, Hédi Ben Yahia, et al.. Oxytocin Controls Chondrogenesis and Correlates with Osteoarthritis. International Journal of Molecular Sciences, MDPI, 2020, 21 (11), pp.3966. ⟨10.3390/ijms21113966⟩. ⟨hal-02890703⟩

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