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Transcarotid Approach for Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement With the Sapien 3 Prosthesis

Abstract : Objectives: This study sought to describe the procedural and clinical outcomes of patients undergoing transcarotid (TC) transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) with the Edwards Sapien 3 device.Background: The TC approach for TAVR holds the potential to become the optimal alternative to the transfemoral gold standard. Limited data exist regarding safety and efficacy of TC-TAVR using the Edwards Sapien 3 device.Methods: The French Transcarotid TAVR prospective multicenter registry included patients between 2014 and 2018. Consecutive patients treated in 1 of the 13 participating centers ineligible for transfemoral TAVR were screened for TC-TAVR. Clinical and echocardiographic data were prospectively collected. Perioperative and 30-day outcomes were reported according to the updated Valve Academic Research Consortium (VARC-2).Results: A total of 314 patients were included with a median (interquartile range) age of 83 (78 to 88) years, 63% were males, Society of Thoracic Surgeons mortality risk score 5.8% (4% to 8.3%). Most patients presented with peripheral artery disease (64%). TC-TAVR was performed under general anesthesia in 91% of cases, mostly using the left carotid artery (73.6%) with a procedural success of 97%. Three annulus ruptures were reported, all resulting in patient death. At 30 days, rates of major bleeding, new permanent pacemaker, and stroke or transient ischemic attack were 4.1%, 16%, and 1.6%, respectively. The 30-day mortality was 3.2%.Conclusions: TC-TAVR using the Edwards Sapien 3 device was safe and effective in this prospective multicenter registry. The TC approach might be considered, in selected patients, as the first-line alternative approach for TAVR whenever the transfemoral access is prohibited. Sapien 3 device was safe and effective in our multicenter cohort.
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Submitted on : Friday, October 22, 2021 - 11:59:10 AM
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Pavel Overtchouk, Thierry Folliguet, Frédéric Pinaud, Oliver Fouquet, Mathieu Pernot, et al.. Transcarotid Approach for Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement With the Sapien 3 Prosthesis. JACC: Cardiovascular Interventions, Elsevier/American College of Cardiology, 2019, 12 (5), pp.413-419. ⟨10.1016/j.jcin.2018.11.014⟩. ⟨hal-02887387⟩

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