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Quality of life in children with severe forms of idiopathic nephrotic syndrome in stable remission—A cross‐sectional study

Abstract : AIM: Severe forms of idiopathic nephrotic syndrome (INS) require immunosuppressive therapy: oral treatment or intravenous therapy (rituximab, RTX). The main objective was to describe quality of life (QOL) in these specific patients. METHODS: Cross-sectional, multicentre, observational study analysed QOL using a standardised questionnaire in children from 7 to 17 years, with a steroid-dependent or steroid-resistant INS in stable remission. The questionnaire consisted of 30 questions concerning physical and emotional well-being, self-esteem, family, friends, school and disease resulting in a global score of 0-100. RESULTS: A total of 110 patients with a mean age of 11.6 years from three French paediatric nephrology centres were included. A total of 71 patients had oral immunosuppressive treatment, 27 had RTX, and 12 had both. 13.6% of patients had a steroid-resistant INS. The mean number of relapses was 5.8. Seventy-eight patients answered the questionnaire. The global score in the whole study population was 74.7; 72.6 in the RTX group, 76.2 in the oral drugs group, (P = 0.49). The results of sub-dimension 'school' were statistically lower in RTX group (61.6 ± 19.5) compared with oral drugs group (71.4 ± 16; P = 0.02). CONCLUSION: Global QOL score was high in 'difficult-to-treat' patients with INS in stable remission on oral immunosuppressive or RTX treatment.
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Submitted on : Monday, June 29, 2020 - 4:26:05 PM
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Aphaia Roussel, Jean-Daniel Delbet, Laurianne Micheland, Georges Deschênes, Stéphane Decramer, et al.. Quality of life in children with severe forms of idiopathic nephrotic syndrome in stable remission—A cross‐sectional study. Acta Paediatrica, Wiley, 2019, 108 (12), pp.2267-2273. ⟨10.1111/apa.14912⟩. ⟨hal-02361199⟩

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