Unsupervised Online Classifier in Sleep Scoring for Sleep Deprivation Studies

Abstract : STUDY OBJECTIVE: This study was designed to evaluate an unsupervised adaptive algorithm for real-time detection of sleep and wake states in rodents. DESIGN: We designed a Bayesian classifier that automatically extracts electroencephalogram (EEG) and electromyogram (EMG) features and categorizes non-overlapping 5-s epochs into one of the three major sleep and wake states without any human supervision. This sleep-scoring algorithm is coupled online with a new device to perform selective paradoxical sleep deprivation (PSD). SETTINGS: Controlled laboratory settings for chronic polygraphic sleep recordings and selective PSD. PARTICIPANTS: Ten adult Sprague-Dawley rats instrumented for chronic polysomnographic recordings. MEASUREMENTS: The performance of the algorithm is evaluated by comparison with the score obtained by a human expert reader. Online detection of PS is then validated with a PSD protocol with duration of 72 hours. RESULTS: Our algorithm gave a high concordance with human scoring with an average κ coefficient > 70%. Notably, the specificity to detect PS reached 92%. Selective PSD using real-time detection of PS strongly reduced PS amounts, leaving only brief PS bouts necessary for the detection of PS in EEG and EMG signals (4.7 ± 0.7% over 72 h, versus 8.9 ± 0.5% in baseline), and was followed by a significant PS rebound (23.3 ± 3.3% over 150 minutes). CONCLUSIONS: Our fully unsupervised data-driven algorithm overcomes some limitations of the other automated methods such as the selection of representative descriptors or threshold settings. When used online and coupled with our sleep deprivation device, it represents a better option for selective PSD than other methods like the tedious gentle handling or the platform method.
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Paul-Antoine Libourel, Alexandra Corneyllie, Pierre-Hervé Luppi, Guy Chouvet, Damien Gervasoni. Unsupervised Online Classifier in Sleep Scoring for Sleep Deprivation Studies. SLEEP, American Academy of Sleep Medicine, 2015, 38 (5), pp.815-828. ⟨10.5665/sleep.4682⟩. ⟨hal-02265089⟩

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