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Screening for Fabry disease in male patients with end-stage renal disease in western France

Abstract : CONTEXT: Fabry disease is a rare X-linked genetic disease due to pathogenic variants in the GLA gene. Classic Fabry disease is characterized by glycosphingolipids accumulation in all organs including the kidney, resulting in end-stage renal disease in a subset of male patients. Fabry disease should therefore be considered in the differential diagnosis of patients with unexplained end-stage renal disease. OBJECTIVE: We performed a prospective screening study in Western France to determine the prevalence of Fabry disease in a large population of dialyzed and transplanted patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients meeting the inclusion criteria (males, 18-70 years with end-stage renal disease of unknown or vascular origin) were selected from the REIN® registry and the CRISTAL® database. Screening on filter papers was performed after patient consent was obtained during either a dialysis session or a transplantation follow-up visit. RESULTS: One thousand five hundred and sixty-one end-stage renal disease male patients were screened and 819 consented (dialysis: n=242; transplant: n=577). One single patient was found with decreased alpha-galactosidase levels <25%. GLA sequencing identified the p.Phe113Leu variant in favor of an unknown superimposed kidney disease responsible for end-stage renal disease since this GLA pathogenic variant is associated with a later-onset cardiac form of Fabry disease with minimal kidney involvement. Family cascade genotyping revealed a previously undiagnosed affected brother. CONCLUSION: The prevalence of Fabry disease in end-stage renal disease patients was 0.12%, questioning the efficacy of this screening strategy with respect to the low prevalence. However, beside the benefit for the patient and his family, the increased awareness of Fabry disease among participating nephrologists may be of interest for future patients.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03253737
Contributor : Xavier Chard-Hutchinson Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Tuesday, June 15, 2021 - 3:39:29 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, October 20, 2021 - 3:19:25 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Thursday, September 16, 2021 - 6:54:13 PM

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C Vigneau, D P Germain, D Larmet, F Jabbour, M Hourmant. Screening for Fabry disease in male patients with end-stage renal disease in western France. Néphrologie et Thérapeutique, Elsevier Masson, 2021, 17 (3), pp.180-184. ⟨10.1016/j.nephro.2021.03.002⟩. ⟨hal-03253737⟩

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