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Machine-Learning-Based Radiomics MRI Model for Survival Prediction of Recurrent Glioblastomas Treated with Bevacizumab

Abstract : Anti-angiogenic therapy with bevacizumab is a widely used therapeutic option for recurrent glioblastoma (GBM). Nevertheless, the therapeutic response remains highly heterogeneous among GBM patients with discordant outcomes. Recent data have shown that radiomics, an advanced recent imaging analysis method, can help to predict both prognosis and therapy in a multitude of solid tumours. The objective of this study was to identify novel biomarkers, extracted from MRI and clinical data, which could predict overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) in GBM patients treated with bevacizumab using machine-learning algorithms. In a cohort of 194 recurrent GBM patients (age range 18–80), radiomics data from pre-treatment T2 FLAIR and gadolinium-injected MRI images along with clinical features were analysed. Binary classification models for OS at 9, 12, and 15 months were evaluated. Our classification models successfully stratified the OS. The AUCs were equal to 0.78, 0.85, and 0.76 on the test sets (0.79, 0.82, and 0.87 on the training sets) for the 9-, 12-, and 15-month endpoints, respectively. Regressions yielded a C-index of 0.64 (0.74) for OS and 0.57 (0.69) for PFS. These results suggest that radiomics could assist in the elaboration of a predictive model for treatment selection in recurrent GBM patients.
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https://hal.sorbonne-universite.fr/hal-03292019
Contributor : Gestionnaire Hal-Su <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, July 20, 2021 - 10:09:45 AM
Last modification on : Wednesday, July 28, 2021 - 10:28:57 AM

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diagnostics-11-01263-v2.pdf
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Samy Ammari, Raoul Sallé de Chou, Tarek Assi, Mehdi Touat, Emilie Chouzenoux, et al.. Machine-Learning-Based Radiomics MRI Model for Survival Prediction of Recurrent Glioblastomas Treated with Bevacizumab. Diagnostics, MDPI, 2021, 11 (7), pp.1263. ⟨10.3390/diagnostics11071263⟩. ⟨hal-03292019⟩

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