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Spermidine-induced hypusination preserves mitochondrial and cognitive function during aging

Abstract : Spermidine is a natural polyamine, central to cellular homeostasis and growth, that promotes macroautophagy/autophagy. The polyamine pathway is highly conserved from bacteria to mammals and spermidine (prominently found in some kinds of aged cheese, wheat germs, nuts, soybeans, and fermented products thereof, among others) is an intrinsic part of the human diet. Apart from nutrition, spermidine is available to mammalian organisms from intracellular biosynthesis and microbial production in the gut. Importantly, externally supplied spermidine (via drinking water or food) prolongs lifespan, activates autophagy, improves mitochondrial function, and refills polyamine pools that decline during aging in various tissues of model organisms, including mice. In two adjacent studies, we explored how dietary spermidine supplementation enhances eEF5/EIF5A hypusination, cerebral mitochondrial function and cognition in aging Drosophila melanogaster and mice.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, January 19, 2022 - 1:18:37 PM
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Sebastian Hofer, Yongtian Liang, Andreas Zimmermann, Sabrina Schroeder, Jörn Dengjel, et al.. Spermidine-induced hypusination preserves mitochondrial and cognitive function during aging. Autophagy, Taylor & Francis, 2021, 17 (8), pp.2037 - 2039. ⟨10.1080/15548627.2021.1933299⟩. ⟨hal-03534322⟩

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