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A Question Prompt List for Advanced Cancer Patients Promoting Advance Care Planning: A French Randomized Trial

Abstract : Context: Advance care planning is essential to enable informed medical decisions to be made and to reduce aggressiveness in end-of-life (EOL) care. Objectives: This study aimed to explore whether a question prompt list (QPL) adapted to French language and culture could promote discussions, particularly on prognosis and EOL issues, among advanced cancer patients attending outpatient palliative care (PC) consultations. Methods: In this multicenter randomized study, patients assigned to the intervention arm received a QPL to help them prepare for the next consultation one month later. The main inclusion criteria were advanced cancer patients referred to the PC team with an estimated life expectancy of less than one year. The primary endpoint was the number of questions raised, globally and by topic. The secondary objectives were the impact of the QPL on psychological symptoms, quality of life, satisfaction with care, and coping styles at two months. Results: Patients (n = 71) in the QPL arm asked more questions (mean 21.8 vs. 18.2, P = 0.03) than patients in the control arm (n = 71), particularly on PC (5.6 vs. 3.7, P = 0.012) and EOL issues (2.2 vs. 1, P = 0.018) but not on prognosis (4.3 vs. 3.6, not specified). At two months, there was no change in anxiety, depression, or quality of life in either arm; patient satisfaction with doctors' technical skills was scored higher (P = 0.024), and avoidance coping responses were less frequent (self-distraction, P = 0.015; behavioral disengagement, P = 0.025) in the QPL arm. Conclusion: Questions on PC and EOL issues in outpatient PC consultations were more frequent, and patient satisfaction was better when a QPL was made available before the consultation.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, February 24, 2021 - 1:37:36 PM
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Carole Bouleuc, Alexia Savignoni, Marion Chevrier, Évelyne Renault-Tessier, Alexis Burnod, et al.. A Question Prompt List for Advanced Cancer Patients Promoting Advance Care Planning: A French Randomized Trial. Journal of Pain and Symptom Management, Elsevier, 2021, 61 (2), pp.331-341.e8. ⟨10.1016/j.jpainsymman.2020.07.026⟩. ⟨hal-03141472⟩



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