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Etude des particules de suie dans les flammes de kérosène et de diester

Abstract : Soot are carbonaceous fine particles, which diameters are ranged from a few nanometres to a few micrometers. They have an impact on climate, due to their radiative properties, as well as on health, due to their small size. That’s why particulate matter is an important concern. In order to gain a better understanding of the influence of the combustion devices, which implies specific residence time and also specific turbulence, oxidation and pressure properties, we studied three specific kinds of combustion : first, laminar diffusion flames at atmospheric pressure ; then, a laminar diffusion flame a high pressures (3 to 5 bar) ; finally, a turbulent flame produced in a combustor at high pressures (1,2 to 3 bar). Another objective of this work was to improve the knowledge about soot produced by the combustion of liquid fuels, namely kerosene and biofuel. We studied morphological properties (fractal dimension, primary particle size…) and the refractive index m* of soot produced by these combustion systems. The technique employed to characterize the soot refractive index is based on the analysis of a part of smokes produced by flames. These are transported towards two optical cells, so that extinction and scattering coefficients can be measured, in addition to soot size distributions. Furthermore, a morphological characterization of the aggregates is conducted, using transmission electron microscopy (TEM) photographs. Rayleigh-Debye-Gans theory for fractal aggregates is used to determine two functions of the refractive index E(m) and F(m), so that m* can be deduced.
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Mathieu Maugendre. Etude des particules de suie dans les flammes de kérosène et de diester. Autre [cond-mat.other]. INSA de Rouen, 2009. Français. ⟨NNT : 2009ISAM0016⟩. ⟨tel-00925554⟩

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