In vitro biopharmaceutical evaluation of ciprofloxacin/metal cation complexes for pulmonary administration.

Abstract : Pulmonary delivery of fluoroquinolones (FQs) is an interesting approach to treat lung infections as it may lead to high local concentrations while minimizing systemic exposure. However, FQs have a rapid diffusion through the lung epithelium giving the pulmonary route no advantage compared to the oral route. Interactions between FQs and metal cations form complexes which limit the diffusion through the epithelial barrier and would reduce the absorption of FQs and maintain high concentrations in the lung. The effects of this complexation depend on the FQ and the metal cations and optimum partners should be selected through in vitro experiments prior to aerosol drug formulation. In this study, CIP was chosen as a representative FQ and 5 cations (Ca2+, Mg2+, Zn2+, Al3+, Cu2+) were selected to study the complexation and its effects on permeability, antimicrobial efficacy and cell toxicity. The results showed that the apparent association constants between CIP and cations ranked with the descending order: Cu2+>Al3+>Zn2+>Mg2+>Ca2+. When a target of 80% complexation was reached with the adequate concentrations of cations, the CIP permeability through the Calu-3 lung epithelial cells was decreased of 50%. Toxicity of the CIP on the Calu-3 cells, with an EC50 evaluated at 7μM, was not significantly affected by the presence of the cations. The minimum inhibitory concentration of CIP for Pseudomonas aeruginosa was not affected or slightly increased in the range of cation concentrations tested, except for Mg2+. In conclusion, permeability was the main parameter that was affected by the metal cation complexation while cell toxicity and antimicrobial activity were not or slightly modified. Cu2+, with the highest apparent constant of association and with no effect on cell toxicity and antimicrobial activity of the CIP, appeared as a promising cation for the development of a controlled-permeability formulation of CIP for lung treatment.
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European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Elsevier, 2016, 97, pp.92-98. 〈10.1016/j.ejps.2016.11.011〉
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Julien Brillault, Frédéric Tewes, William Couet, Jean-Christophe Olivier. In vitro biopharmaceutical evaluation of ciprofloxacin/metal cation complexes for pulmonary administration.. European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Elsevier, 2016, 97, pp.92-98. 〈10.1016/j.ejps.2016.11.011〉. 〈inserm-01416565〉

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