Identification and differential expression analysis of MicroRNAs encoded by Tiger Frog Virus in cross-species infection in vitro.

Abstract : Tiger frog virus (TFV), dsDNA virus of the genus Ranavirus and family Iridoviridae, causes a high mortality of tiger frog tadpoles cultured in Southern China. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) have been identified in many viruses especially DNA viruses such as Singapore Grouper Iridoviruses (SGIV). MicroRNAs play important roles in regulating gene expression for virus subsistence in host. Considering that TFV infects cells of different species under laboratory conditions, we aim to identify the specific and essential miRNAs expressed in ZF4 and HepG2 cells. We identified and predicted novel viral miRNAs in TFV-infected ZF4 and HepG2 cells by deep sequencing and software prediction. Then, we verified and described the expression patterns of TFV-encoded miRNAs by using qRT-PCR and Northern blot. Deep sequencing predicted 24 novel TFV-encoded miRNAs, and qRT-PCR verified 19 and 23 miRNAs in TFV-infected ZF4 (Group Z) and HepG2 (Group H) cells, respectively. Northern blot was performed to validate eight and five TFV-encoded miRNAs in Groups H and Z, respectively. We compared the expression of TFV-encoded miRNAs from two groups and defined TFV-miR-11 as the essential viral miRNA and TFV-miR-13 and TFV-miR-14 as the specific miRNAs that contribute to HepG2 cell infection. We identified novel viral miRNAs and compared their expression in two host cells. The results of this study provide novel insights into the role of viral miRNAs in cross-species infection in vitro.
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Virology Journal, BioMed Central, 2015, 13, pp.73. 〈10.1186/s12985-016-0530-6〉
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Ji-Min Yuan, Yong-Shun Chen, Jian He, Shao-Ping Weng, Chang-Jun Guo, et al.. Identification and differential expression analysis of MicroRNAs encoded by Tiger Frog Virus in cross-species infection in vitro.. Virology Journal, BioMed Central, 2015, 13, pp.73. 〈10.1186/s12985-016-0530-6〉. 〈inserm-01354309〉

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