Moderate oral supplementation with docosahexaenoic acid improves platelet function and oxidative stress in type 2 diabetic patients: DHA amends platelet function and redox status

Abstract : Platelets from patients with type 2 diabetes are characterized by hyperactivation and high level of oxidative stress. Docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) may have beneficial effects on platelet reactivity and redox status. We investigated whether moderate DHA supplementation, given as a triglyceride form, may correct platelet dysfunction and redox imbalance in patients with type 2 diabetes. We conducted a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, two-period crossover trial (n=11 post-menopausal women with type 2 diabetes) to test the effects of 400 mg/day of DHA intake for 2 weeks on platelet aggregation, markers of arachidonic acid metabolism, lipid peroxidation status, and lipid composition. Each 2 week-period was separated from the other by a 6-week washout. Daily moderate dose DHA supplementation resulted in reduced platelet aggregation induced by collagen (-46.5%, p<0.001), and decreased platelet thromboxane B2 (-35%, p<0.001), urinary 11-dehydro-thromboxane B2 (-13.2%, p<0.001) and F2-isoprostane levels (-19.6%, p<0.001) associated with a significant increase of plasma and platelet vitamin E concentrations (+20% and +11.8%, respectively, p<0.001). The proportions of DHA increased both in plasma lipids and in platelet phospholipids. After placebo treatment, there was no effect on any parameters tested. Our findings support a significant beneficial effect of low intake of DHA on platelet function and a favorable role in reducing oxidative stress associated with diabetes.
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Thrombosis and Haemostasis, Schattauer, 2015, 114 (1), [Epub ahead of print]. 〈10.1160/TH14-12-1003〉
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Evelyne Véricel, Romain Colas, Catherine Calzada, Quang Huy Lê, Nathalie Feugier, et al.. Moderate oral supplementation with docosahexaenoic acid improves platelet function and oxidative stress in type 2 diabetic patients: DHA amends platelet function and redox status. Thrombosis and Haemostasis, Schattauer, 2015, 114 (1), [Epub ahead of print]. 〈10.1160/TH14-12-1003〉. 〈inserm-01140217〉

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