Poor Survival in Rheumatoid Arthritis Associated with Bronchiectasis: A Family-Based Cohort Study

Abstract : BACKGROUND: Diffuse bronchiectasis (DB) may occur in rheumatoid arthritis (RA). CFTR (cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator) mutations predispose RA patients to DB, but the prognosis of RA-associated DB (RA-DB) is unclear. METHODS: We report long-term mortality data from a nationwide family-based association study of patients with RA only, DB only or RA-DB. We assessed mortality as a function of clinical characteristics and CF/CFTR-RD (CFTR-related disorders) mutations in 137 subjects from 24 kindreds. Potential risk factors were investigated by Cox proportional-hazard analysis with shared Gaussian random effects to account for within-family correlations. RESULTS: During a median follow-up of 11 years after inclusion, 18 patients died, mostly from cardiorespiratory causes. Survival was significantly lower for RA-DB patients than for unaffected relatives and for patients with RA or DB only. RA patients with DB had also a poorer prognosis in terms of survival after RA diagnosis (HR, 8.6; 95% CI, 1.5-48.2; P = 0.014) and from birth (HR, 9.6; 95% CI, 1.1-81.7; P = 0.039). Early onset of DB (HR, 15.4; 95% CI, 2.1-113.2; P = 0.007) and CF/CFTR-RD mutation (HR, 7.2; 95% CI, 1.4-37.1; P = 0.018) were associated with poorer survival in patients with RA-DB. Thus, CF/CFTR-RD mutations in RA patients with early-onset DB defined a subgroup of high-risk patients with higher mortality rates (log-rank test P = 1.28×10-5). CONCLUSION: DB is associated with poorer survival in patients with RA. Early-onset DB and CFTR mutations are two markers that identify RA patients at a high risk of death, for whom future therapeutic interventions should be designed and evaluated
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PLoS ONE, Public Library of Science, 2014, pp.e110066. 〈10.1371/journal.pone.0110066〉
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Xavier Puéchal, Emmanuelle Génin, Thierry Bienvenu, Claire Le Jeunne, Daniel Dusser. Poor Survival in Rheumatoid Arthritis Associated with Bronchiectasis: A Family-Based Cohort Study. PLoS ONE, Public Library of Science, 2014, pp.e110066. 〈10.1371/journal.pone.0110066〉. 〈inserm-01078473〉

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