Transcriptional Repression of Estrogen Receptor α Signaling by SENP2 in Breast Cancer Cells.: ERα repression by SENP2

Abstract : Estrogen receptors (ERs) are ligand-activated transcription factors involved in many physiological and pathological processes, including breast cancer. Their activity is fine-tuned by posttranslational modifications, notably sumoylation. In the present study, we investigated the role of the small ubiquitin-related modifier (SUMO) protease, SUMO1/sentrin/suppressor of Mif 2-specific peptidase 2 (SENP2), in the regulation of ERα activity. We first found SENP2 to significantly repress estradiol-induced transcriptional activity in breast cancer cells (MCF7 and T47D). This effect was observed with a reporter plasmid and on endogenous genes such as TFF1 and CTSD, which were shown to recruit SENP2 in chromatin immunoprecipitation experiments. Using glutathione S-transferase pull-down, coimmunoprecipitation and proximity ligation assays, SENP2 was found to interact with ERα and this interaction to be mediated by the amino-terminal region of the protease and the hinge region of the receptor. Interestingly, we demonstrated that ERα repression by SENP2 is independent of its SUMO protease activity and requires a transcriptional repressive domain located in the amino-terminal end of the protease. Using small interfering RNA assays, we evidenced that this domain recruits the histone deacetylase 3 (HDAC3), to be fully active. Furthermore, using both overexpression and knockdown strategies, we showed that SENP2 robustly represses estrogen-dependent and independent proliferation of MCF7 cells. We provided evidence that this effect requires both the proteolytic and transcriptional activities of SENP2. Altogether, our study unravels a new property for a SUMO protease and identifies SENP2 as a classical transcription coregulator.
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Thiziri Nait Achour, Stéphanie Sentis, Catherine Teyssier, Amandine Philippat, Annick Lucas, et al.. Transcriptional Repression of Estrogen Receptor α Signaling by SENP2 in Breast Cancer Cells.: ERα repression by SENP2. Mol Endocrinol, 2014, 28 (2), pp.183-96. 〈10.1210/me.2013-1376〉. 〈inserm-00942347〉

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