Optimal parameters of transcranial electrical stimulation for intraoperative monitoring of motor evoked potentials of the tibialis anterior muscle during pediatric scoliosis surgery.

Abstract : OBJECTIVE: Transcranial electric stimulation elicited muscle motor evoked potentials (TESmMEPs) is one of the best methods for corticospinal tract's function monitoring during spine and spinal cord surgeries. A train of multipulse electric stimulation is required for eliciting TESmMEPs under general anaesthesia. Here, we investigated the best stimulation parameters for eliciting and recording tibialis anterior's TESmMEPs during paediatric scoliosis surgery. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Numbers of pulses (NOP), inter-stimulus intervals (ISI) and current intensities allowing the best size tibialis anterior muscle's TESmMEPs under general anaesthesia, were tested and collected during 77 paediatric scoliosis surgery monitoring procedures in our hospital. Individual pulse duration was kept at 0.5 ms and stimulating electrodes were positioned at C1 and C2 (International 10-20-EEG-System) during all the tests. RESULTS: The NOP used for eliciting the best tibialis anterior TESmMEPs response was 5, 6, and 7 respectively in 21 (27%), 47 (61%) and 9 (12%) out of the 77 patients. The ISI was 2, 3 and 4 ms respectively in 13 (17%), 55 (71%) and 9 (12%) of them. The current intensity used varied from 300 to 700 V (mean: 448±136 V). CONCLUSION: Most patients had 6 as best NOP (61%) and 3 ms as best ISI (71%). These findings support that a NOP of 6 and an ISI of 3 ms should be preferentially used as optimal stimulation settings for intraoperative tibialis anterior muscle's TESmMEPs eliciting and recording during paediatric scoliosis surgery.
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Neurophysiologie Clinique/Clinical Neurophysiology, Elsevier Masson, 2013, 43 (4), pp.243-50. 〈10.1016/j.neucli.2013.08.001〉
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Eric Azabou, Véronique Manel, Nathalie André-Obadia, Catherine Fischer, François Mauguiere, et al.. Optimal parameters of transcranial electrical stimulation for intraoperative monitoring of motor evoked potentials of the tibialis anterior muscle during pediatric scoliosis surgery.. Neurophysiologie Clinique/Clinical Neurophysiology, Elsevier Masson, 2013, 43 (4), pp.243-50. 〈10.1016/j.neucli.2013.08.001〉. 〈inserm-00939863〉

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