Analysis of 10 km swimming performance of elite male and female open-water swimmers

Abstract : This study investigated trends in performance and sex difference in swimming speed of elite open-water swimmers at FINA 10 km competitions (i.e. World Cup races, European Championships, World Championships and Olympic Games). Swimming speed and sex difference in swimming speed of the fastest and the top ten women and men per event competing at 10 km open-water races between 2008 and 2012 were analysed using single and multi-level regression analyses. A total of 2,591 swimmers (i.e. 1,120 women and 1,471 men) finished 47 races. Swimming speed of the fastest women (1.35 ± 0.9 m/s) and men (1.45 ± 0.10 m/s) showed no changes across years. The mean sex difference in swimming speed for the fastest swimmers was 6.8 ± 2.5%. Swimming speed of the top ten female swimmers per event was 1.34 ± 0.09 m/s and remained stable across the years. The top ten male swimmers per event showed a significant decrease in swimming speed over time, even though swimming speed in the first race (i.e. January 2008, 1.40 ± 0.0 m/s) was slower than the swimming speed in the last race (i.e. October 2012, 1.50 ± 0.0 m/s) (P < 0.05). To summarize, swimming performances remained stable for the fastest elite open-water swimmers at 10 km FINA competitions between 2008 and 2012, while performances of the top ten men tended to decrease. The sex difference in swimming speed in elite ultra-swimmers (~7%) appeared smaller compared to other ultra-distance disciplines such as running. Further studies should examine how body shape and physiology of elite open-water ultra-distance swimmers influence performances.
Type de document :
Article dans une revue
SpringerPlus, SpringerOpen, 2013, 2 (1), pp.603
Liste complète des métadonnées

Littérature citée [42 références]  Voir  Masquer  Télécharger

http://www.hal.inserm.fr/inserm-00911733
Contributeur : Ed. Bmc <>
Soumis le : vendredi 29 novembre 2013 - 17:16:10
Dernière modification le : mercredi 4 décembre 2013 - 14:38:43
Document(s) archivé(s) le : lundi 3 mars 2014 - 20:25:54

Fichiers

Identifiants

  • HAL Id : inserm-00911733, version 1

Collections

Citation

Pascale Vogt, Christoph Rüst, Thomas Rosemann, Romuald Lepers, Beat Knechtle. Analysis of 10 km swimming performance of elite male and female open-water swimmers. SpringerPlus, SpringerOpen, 2013, 2 (1), pp.603. 〈inserm-00911733〉

Partager

Métriques

Consultations de la notice

333

Téléchargements de fichiers

191