The serine protease domain of MASP-3: enzymatic properties and crystal structure in complex with ecotin.

Abstract : Mannan-binding lectin (MBL), ficolins and collectin-11 are known to associate with three homologous modular proteases, the MBL-Associated Serine Proteases (MASPs). The crystal structures of the catalytic domains of MASP-1 and MASP-2 have been solved, but the structure of the corresponding domain of MASP-3 remains unknown. A link between mutations in the MASP1/3 gene and the rare autosomal recessive 3MC (Mingarelli, Malpuech, Michels and Carnevale,) syndrome, characterized by various developmental disorders, was discovered recently, revealing an unexpected important role of MASP-3 in early developmental processes. To gain a first insight into the enzymatic and structural properties of MASP-3, a recombinant form of its serine protease (SP) domain was produced and characterized. The amidolytic activity of this domain on fluorescent peptidyl-aminomethylcoumarin substrates was shown to be considerably lower than that of other members of the C1r/C1s/MASP family. The E. coli protease inhibitor ecotin bound to the SP domains of MASP-3 and MASP-2, whereas no significant interaction was detected with MASP-1, C1r and C1s. A tetrameric complex comprising an ecotin dimer and two MASP-3 SP domains was isolated and its crystal structure was solved and refined to 3.2 Å. Analysis of the ecotin/MASP-3 interfaces allows a better understanding of the differential reactivity of the C1r/C1s/MASP protease family members towards ecotin, and comparison of the MASP-3 SP domain structure with those of other trypsin-like proteases yields novel hypotheses accounting for its zymogen-like properties in vitro.
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PLoS ONE, Public Library of Science, 2013, 8 (7), pp.e67962. 〈10.1371/journal.pone.0067962〉
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Christine Gaboriaud, Rajesh Kumar Gupta, Lydie Martin, Monique Lacroix, Laurence Serre, et al.. The serine protease domain of MASP-3: enzymatic properties and crystal structure in complex with ecotin.. PLoS ONE, Public Library of Science, 2013, 8 (7), pp.e67962. 〈10.1371/journal.pone.0067962〉. 〈inserm-00868926〉

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