Abstract : Non-invasive measurement of Cerebral Blood Flow (CBF) is now feasible thanks to the introduction of Arterial Spin Labeling (ASL) Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) techniques. To date, the low signal-to-noise ratio of ASL gives us no option but to repeat the acquisition in order to accumulate enough data to get a reliable signal. Perfusion signal is usually extracted by averaging across the repetitions. However, due to its zero breakdown point, the sample mean is very sensitive to outliers. A single outlier can thus have strong detrimental effects on the sample mean estimate. In this paper, we propose to estimate robust ASL CBF maps by means of M-estimators to overcome the deleterious effects of outliers. The behavior of this method is compared to z-score thresholding as recommended in . validation on simulated and real data is provided. Quantitative validation is undertaken by measuring the correlation with the most widespread technique to measure perfusion with MRI: Dynamic Susceptibility weighted Contrast (DSC).