Escalated lymphodepletion followed by donor lymphocyte infusion can induce a graft-versus-host response without overwhelming toxicity.

Abstract : Treatment of relapse of hematological malignancies following allogeneic hematopoietic SCT (allo-HSCT) remains very challenging and relies usually on the readministration of chemotherapy combined with donor lymphocyte infusion (DLI). To enhance DLI effectiveness, lymphodepletion (LD) with fludarabine (Flu) and/or CY before the injection of lymphocytes is an attractive modality to modify the immune environment, leading possibly to suppression of regulatory T cells (T(reg)) and exposing the patient to cytokine activation. However, LD before DLI may lead to induction of deleterious GVHD. To avoid inducing overwhelming toxicity, we proceeded by escalating doses of both LD and DLI. Eighteen patients with various non-CML hematological malignancies who relapsed following allo-HSCT were treated with chemotherapy and LD-DLI or LD-DLI upfront. T-cell subpopulation and DC levels as well as cytokine plasma levels (IL-7, IL-15) were measured before and following LD-DLI. Cumulative incidence of acute grade II-IV GVHD was 29.4% similar to that reported in patients receiving DLI without LD. In addition, Flu alone with low dose of DLI was not associated with severe GHVD. CY/Flu at the respective doses of 600 mg/m(2) on day 1 and Flu 25 mg/m(2)/day on days 1-3 did not result in a marked decrease of T(reg) cells, nor in endogenous IL-7 and IL-15 production. However, a peripheral expansion of DCs was observed. These findings suggest that the escalated dose procedure appears safe and prevent overwhelming toxicity. A dose-limiting toxicity has not yet been reached.Bone Marrow Transplantation advance online publication, 28 November 2011; doi:10.1038/bmt.2011.231.
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Article dans une revue
Bone Marrow Transplantation, Nature Publishing Group, 2011, epub ahead of print. 〈10.1038/bmt.2011.231〉
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Soumis le : mardi 7 août 2012 - 11:43:07
Dernière modification le : jeudi 11 janvier 2018 - 06:25:29

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Thierry Guillaume, Béatrice Gaugler, P. Chevallier, J. Delaunay, S. Ayari, et al.. Escalated lymphodepletion followed by donor lymphocyte infusion can induce a graft-versus-host response without overwhelming toxicity.. Bone Marrow Transplantation, Nature Publishing Group, 2011, epub ahead of print. 〈10.1038/bmt.2011.231〉. 〈inserm-00723055〉

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